Now showing items 2089-2108 of 3211

    • On Time Reading Performance: A Comparison of the Clock Face and Digit Representations 

      Knapskog, Martine Amanda Dahl; Lines, Frida; Maalen-Johansen, Erik Semb; Eika, Evelyn; Sandnes, Frode Eika (Lecture Notes in Computer Science;, Chapter; Peer reviewed; Conference object; Journal article, 2023)
      Time plays an essential part of our lives. We are typically surrounded by two types of time representation, clock faces and digits. Previous work focused on children’s ability to read time, but adults’ ability to read time ...
    • One year comprehensive prospective follow-up of achalasia patients after peroral endoscopic myotomy 

      Evensen, Helge; Småstuen, Milada Cvancarova; Schulz, Anselm; Kristensen, Vendel Ailin; Larssen, Lene; Skattum, Jorunn Pettersen; Sandstad, Olav; Hauge, Truls; Medhus, Asle Wilhelm (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is an established therapy for achalasia, but outcome evaluation has often been limited to Eckardt score (ES). The present study was aimed to improve knowledge about outcome evaluation and ...
    • Only as Special as Necessary: Adapted Books in a Universal Design Perspective 

      Berget, Gerd (Studies in Health Technology and Informatics;Volume 282: Universal Design 2021: From Special to Mainstream Solutions, Chapter; Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Providing access to high quality books for all types of readers is a premise for cultural democracy. Many people, however, have challenges reading mainstream books. There might be diverse reasons why people find reading ...
    • Ontology-Based Fault Tree Analysis Algorithms in a Fuzzy Environment for Autonomous Ships 

      Sahin, Bekir; Yazidi, Anis; Roman, Dumitru; Soylu, Ahmet (IEEE Access;Volume 9, 2021, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-02-24)
      This study deals with fault tree analysis algorithms based on an ontology-based approach in a fuzzy environment. We extend fuzzy fault tree analysis by embedding ontology-based fault tree structures. The ontology-based ...
    • Open database analysis of scaling and spatio-temporal properties of power grid frequencies 

      Rydin Gorjao, Leonardo; Jumar, Richard; Maass, Heiko; Hagenmeyer, Veit; Yalcin, G. Cigdem; Kruse, Johannes; Timme, Marc; Beck, Christian; Witthaut, Dirk; Schäfer, Benjamin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The electrical energy system has attracted much attention from an increasingly diverse research community. Many theoretical predictions have been made, from scaling laws of fluctuations to propagation velocities of ...
    • Open Problems in Fuzzing RESTful APIs: A Comparison of Tools 

      Zhang, Man; Arcuri, Andrea (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      RESTful APIs are a type of web service that are widely used in industry. In the past few years, a lot of effort in the research community has been spent in designing novel techniques to automatically fuzz those APIs to ...
    • An Open-Source Framework for Modeling RC Shear Walls Using Deep Neural Networks 

      Solorzano, German; Plevris, Vagelis (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Reinforced concrete (RC) shear walls macroscopic models are simplified strategies able to simulate the complex nonlinear behavior of RC shear walls to some extent, but their efficacy and robustness are limited. In contrast, ...
    • Openness and the welfare state: risk and income effects in protection without protectionism 

      Barth, Erling; Finseraas, Henning; Kjelsrud, Anders; Moene, Karl Ove (Kalle) (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Have recent trends in globalization changed the positive link between trade openness and social insurance? The consensus view – that voters want better social insurance against income loss the more open the economy – is ...
    • Operator Performance Prediction based on Fuzzy Modeling Approach 

      Zhang, Jianhua; Yin, Zhong (IFAC-PapersOnLine;Volume 53, Issue 2, 2020, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-04-14)
      In this paper, physiological signals were measured from five participants, each participating in two sessions of experiment with identical experimental procedure. A simulation platform, AutoCAMS (Automation-enhanced Cabin ...
    • Opioid prescriptions among Sami and non-Sami with chronic pain: The SAMINOR 2 Questionnaire Survey and the Norwegian Prescription Database 

      Eriksen, Astrid M.A.; Melhus, Marita; Schei, Berit; Skurtveit, Svetlana Ondrasova; Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      This study is the first to investigate the prevalence of filled opioid prescriptions among indigen- ous Sami people with self-reported chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMSP) and compare it with that of non-Sami living in ...
    • Oppholdstillatelse til selvstendig næringsdrivende kunstnere 

      Praino, Diego; Larsen, Kjetil Mujezinovic (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Denne artikkelen vurderer utlendingsforskriftens vilkår for opp-holdstillatelse for selvstendig næringsdrivende (utlendingen må være faglært, og det måvære et økonomisk grunnlag for driften) i lys av situasjonen for kunstnere ...
    • Opportunistic Treatment of Hepatitis C Infection Among Hospitalized People Who Inject Drugs (OPPORTUNI-C): A Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomized Trial 

      Midgard, Håvard; Malme, Kristian Braathen; Pihl, Charlotte Meinich; Berg-Pedersen, Riikka Mari; Tanum, Lars Håkon Reiestad; Klundby, Ingvild; Haug, Anne; Tveter, Ida Giæver; Bjørnestad, Ronny; Olsen, Inge Christoffer; Finbråten, Ane-Kristine; Dalgard, Olav (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Background. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of opportunistic treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among hospitalized people who inject drugs (PWID). Methods. We performed a pragmatic, stepped wedge cluster ...
    • Optimal charging strategy for intercity travels of battery electric vehicles 

      Wang, Yongxing; Bi, Jun; Guan, Wei; Lu, Chaoru; Xie, Dongfan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      ABSTRACT Limited driving range, long charging time and high charging costs affect the use of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) for intercity travels and often compel drivers to charge their vehicles more than once. This ...
    • Optimal Design Strategy of a Solar Reflector Combining Photovoltaic Panels to Improve Electricity Output: A Case Study in Calgary, Canada 

      Kim, Moon Keun; Abdulkadir, Khalid Osman; Liu, Jiying; Choi, Joon-Ho; Huiqing, Wen (Sustainability;Volume 13 / Issue 11, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-05-28)
      This study explores the combination of photovoltaic (PV) panels with a reflector mounted on a building to improve electricity generation. Globally, PV panels have been widely used as a renewable energy technology. In order ...
    • Optimal placement of coupling elements of RC shear walls using endurance time method 

      Kheyroddin, Ali; Arabsarhangi, Reza; Shabani, Amirhosein; Kioumarsi, Mahdi (Procedia Structural Integrity;, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Shear wall is one of the common lateral bracing systems in reinforced concrete structures. A coupling beam can be used due to architectural limitations for connecting two or multiple separate walls. Coupling beams are the ...
    • Optimal sensor placement techniques for modal identification of historical masonry structures 

      Shabani, Amirhosein; Kioumarsi, Mahdi (Procedia Structural Integrity;, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Since destructive tests are not allowed for historical structures, numerical model updating using accelerometers has gained a lot of attraction in the last decade. Furthermore, another application of structural health ...
    • Optimism trap? Educational aspirations and outcomes among students with immigrant backgrounds in Norway and Spain 

      Kindt, Marianne Takvam; Strømme, Thea Bertnes; Lødding, Berit; Merino Pareja, Rafael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      While immigrants and their children display bold educational aspirations, less is known about the relationship between their aspirations and educational outcomes. Using longitudinal survey data on students in upper secondary ...
    • Optimization of Q.Clear reconstruction for dynamic 18F PET imaging 

      Lysvik, Elisabeth Kirkeby; Mikalsen, Lars Tore Gyland; Rootwelt-Revheim, Mona Elisabeth; Emblem, Kyrre Eeg; Hjørnevik, Trine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Background: Q.Clear, a Bayesian penalized likelihood reconstruction algorithm, has shown high potential in improving quantitation accuracy in PET systems. The Q.Clear algorithm controls noise during the iterative reconstruction ...
    • Optimized SPECT Imaging of 224Ra α-Particle Therapy by 212Pb Photon Emissions 

      Mikalsen, Lars Tore Gyland; Kvassheim, Monika; Stokke, Caroline (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      In preparation for an a-particle therapy trial using 1–7 MBq of 224Ra, the feasibility of tomographic SPECT/CT imaging was of interest. The nuclide decays in 6 steps to stable 208Pb, with 212Pb as the principle photon-emitting ...
    • Optimizing 5G VPN+ Transport Networks with Vector Packet Processing and FPGA Cryptographic Offloading 

      Dzogovic, Bruno; Santos, Bernardo; Feng, Boning; Do, Thuan Van; Jacot, Niels; Do, van Thanh (Lecture Notes in Computer Science;Volume 12814, Conference object, 2021-08-16)
      Network slicing is the crucial prerogative that allows end users and industries to thrive from 5G infrastructures, however, such a logical network component can deteriorate from security vulnerabilities that prevail within ...