Now showing items 294-313 of 3192

    • C*-algebras of right LCM one-relator monoids and Artin-Tits monoids of finite type 

      Li, Xin; Omland, Tron; Spielberg, Jack (Communications in Mathematical Physics;volume 381, issue 3, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-05-23)
      WestudyC*-algebrasgeneratedbyleftregularrepresentationsofrightLCM one-relator monoids and Artin–Tits monoids of finite type. We obtain structural results concerning nuclearity, ideal structure and pure infiniteness. Moreover, ...
    • C*-simplicity of HNN extensions and groups acting on trees 

      Bryder, Rasmus Sylvester; Ivanov, Nikolay A.; Omland, Tron (Annales de l'Institut Fourier;volume 70, issue 4, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-04-15)
      We study non-ascending HNN extensions acting on their Bass– Serre tree and characterize C∗-simplicity and the unique trace property by means of the kernel and quasi-kernels of the HNN extension in question. We also present ...
    • Call the midwife. Health personnel and mortality in Norway 1887–1920 

      Kotsadam, Andreas; Lind, Jo Thori; Modalsli, Jørgen (Cliometrica;, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-05-18)
      At the turn of the twentieth century, Norway, like many other countries, experienced a decrease in mortality and a substantial increase in the number of health personnel. In order to assess how these changes were connected, ...
    • Camp-based family treatment of childhood obesity: randomised controlled trial 

      Benestad, Beate; Lekhal, Samira; Småstuen, Milada C; Hertel, Jens Kristoffer; Halsteinli, Vidar; Ødegård, Rønnaug Astri; Hjelmesæth, Jøran (Archives of Disease in Childhood;volume 102, issue 4, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-03-20)
      Objective To compare the effectiveness of a 2-year camp-based family treatment programme and an outpatient programme on obesity in two generations. Design Pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Setting Rehabilitation ...
    • Can adolescent work experience protect vulnerable youth? A population wide longitudinal study of young adults not in education, employment or training (NEET) 

      Heglum, Mari Amdahl; Nilsen, Wendy; Bernstrøm, Vilde Hoff (Journal of Education and Work;Volume 35, 2022 - Issue 5, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022-07-13)
      Early work experience is found to be an influential factor in young people’s transitions from school to work. Still, we know little about whether early work experience can protect vulnerable young people from subsequent ...
    • Can Animals Refer? Meta-Positioning Studies of Animal Semantics 

      Ongstad, Sigmund (Biosemiotics;, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-02-16)
      This meta-study applies a socio-semiotic framework combining five basic communicational aspects, form, content, act, time, and space, developed to help answering the question Can animals refer? It further operates with ...
    • Can breast cancer be stopped? Modifiable risk factors of breast cancer among women with a prior benign or premalignant lesion 

      Lilleborge, Marie; Falk, Ragnhild Sørum; Sørlie, Therese; Ursin, Giske; Hofvind, Solveig (International Journal of Cancer;Volume 149, Issue 6, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-05-14)
      Physical inactivity, high postmenopausal body mass index, alcohol consumption and use of menopausal hormone therapy are established risk factors for breast cancer. Less is known about whether these factors influence the ...
    • Can Computers Automate Welfare? Norwegian Efforts to Make Welfare Policy More Effective 

      Larsson, Karl Kristian; Haldar, Marit (Journal of Extreme Anthropology;Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021): Algorithmic Governance: Fantasies of Social Control, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-06-20)
      Information-driven automated systems that deliver services proactively to citizens in need are heralded as the next level of digital government. There is, however, concern that such systems make welfare services less ...
    • Can Education Reduce Violent Crime? Evidence from Mexico before and after the Drug War Onset 

      Skrede Gleditsch, Kristian; Rivera, Mauricio; Zarate Tenorio, Barbara Astrid (Journal of Development Studies;, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-09-22)
      Existing theories relate higher education to lower crime rates, yet we have limited evidence on the crime-reducing effect of education in developing countries. We contribute to this literature by examining the effect of ...
    • Can master students’ experience and learning outcome, be improved? 

      Antonsen, Simen; Jensen, Line Elisabeth; Godager, Linda Helén; Stenstrøm, Yngve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Most studies on the follow-up and supervision of students, are focused on Ph.D. level, despite that most students complete their education with bachelor’s or master’s degrees. In a previous study on students working with ...
    • Can medical algorithms be fair? Three ethical quandaries and one dilemma 

      Bærøe, Kristine; Gundersen, Torbjørn; Henden, Edmund; Rommetveit, Kjetil (BMJ Health & Care Informatics;, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Objective: To demonstrate what it takes to reconcile the idea of fairness in medical algorithms and machine learning (ML) with the broader discourse of fairness and health equality in health research. Method: The ...
    • Can policies stall the fertility fall? A systematic review of the (Quasi‐) experimental literature 

      Bergsvik, Janna; Fauske, Agnes; Hart, Rannveig Kaldager (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      In the course of the twentieth century, social scientists and policy analysts have produced a large volume of literature on whether policies boost fertility. This paper describes the results of a systematic review of the ...
    • Can research integrity prevail in the market? Lessons from commissioned research organizations 

      Vie, Knut Jørgen (Accountability in Research;, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-06-09)
      Competition and exposure to market forces can make it difficult for researchers to conduct their work with integrity. Some research organizations must acquire most of their funding through commissioned research, providing ...
    • Can service users speak? Dissenting voices and subaltern speech in social work 

      Aaslund, Håvard (Qualitative Social Work;, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Service user involvement and participatory research are central concepts in social work practice and research. Inspired by Spivak’s essay “Can the Subaltern Speak,” this article draws on the poststructural and postcolonial ...
    • Can we identify prominent scholars using ChatGPT? 

      Sandnes, Frode Eika (Scientometrics;, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      It may be tempting to learn about scholars using ChatGPT. To validate ChatGPT for this task a small experiment was conducted based on the 50 most cited researchers at the author’s university. The results show that ChatGPT ...
    • Can within-subject comparisons of thermal thresholds be used for diagnostic purposes? 

      Dunker, Øystein; Lie, Marie; Nilsen, Kristian Bernhard (Clinical Neurophysiology Practice;Volume 6, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-02-04)
      Objective: Quantitative thermal testing (QTT) is a psychophysical assessment method of small nerve fibers that relies on reference material to assess function. Normal limits for within-subject comparisons of thermal ...
    • Cancer incidence, mortality, years of life lost, years lived with disability, and disability-adjusted life years for 29 Cancer Groups From 2010 to 2019: A systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2019 

      Kocarnik, Jonathan M.; Compton, Kelly; Dean, Frances E.; Weijia, Fu; Gaw, Brian L.; Harvey, James D.; Kisa, Adnan; Henrikson, Hannah Jacqueline; Lu, Dan; Pennini, Alyssa; Xu, Rixing; Kisa, Sezer; Force, Lisa Murray; Murray, Christopher J. L.; Fitzmaurice, Christina; Mokdad, Ali H.; 2019 Cancer Collaboration, Global Burden of Disease (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Importance The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019 (GBD 2019) provided systematic estimates of incidence, morbidity, and mortality to inform local and international efforts toward reducing ...
    • CANDIDATE: A tool for generating anonymous participant-linking IDs in multi-session studies 

      Sandnes, Frode Eika (PLOS ONE;16 (12): e0260569, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-12-15)
      Background: To ensure the privacy of participants is an ethical and legal obligation for researchers. Yet, achieving anonymity can be technically difficult. When observing participants over time one needs mechanisms to ...
    • Canonical Computations in Cellular Automata and Their Application for Reservoir Computing 

      Lindell, Trym; Hudcová, Barbora; Nichele, Stefano (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Cellular Automata (CAs) have potential as powerful parallel computational systems, which has lead to the use of CAs as reservoirs in reservoir computing. However, why certain Cellular Automaton (CA) rules, sizes and input ...
    • Can’t You Tell I am a Human? A Comparison of Common Text and Image CAPTCHAs Using a Low-Fidelity Methodology 

      Eriksen, Hannah Marie Maurstad; Hoel, Lars; Jetteberg, Caroline Sofie; Leiknes, Amalie Christine; Sandnes, Frode Eika (Chapter; Conference object, 2023)
      Many websites employ CAPTCHAs to limit web robot traffic. Al- though CAPTCHA challenges may improve security they come at the cost of reduced usability and accessibility. This study set out to explore users’ performance ...