Recent Submissions

  • Toadstool: a dataset for training emotional intelligent machines playing Super Mario Bros 

    Svoren, Henrik; Thambawita, Vajira; Halvorsen, Pål; Jakobsen, Petter; Garcia-Ceja, Enrique; Noori, Farzan Majeed; Hammer, Hugo Lewi; Lux, Mathias; Riegler, Michael; Hicks, Steven (MMSys: Multimedia Systems;MMSys '20: Proceedings of the 11th ACM Multimedia Systems Conference, Chapter; Conference object; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Games are often defined as engines of experience, and they are heavily relying on emotions, they arouse in players. In this paper, we present a dataset called Toadstool as well as a reproducible methodology to extend ...
  • Applying BIM and 3D laser scanning technology on virtual pre-assembly for complex steel structure in construction 

    Ying, Chunli; Zhou, Yin; Han, Daguang; Qin, Guocheng; Hu, Kaixin; Guo, Jieming; Guo, Tong (IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science;371 (2019), 022036, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
    Steel structure needs to be assembled before the components are transported to the site to ensure the installation of the steel structure successfully. The traditional assembly is a physical assembly method, which needs ...
  • Profesjonskunnskap: fag, forskning og praksiserfaring- perspektiv på lærerutdanning i design, kunst og håndverk 

    Fauske, Laila Belinda (FormAkademisk - Forskningstidsskriftet for design og designdidaktikk;Vol 13, Nr 5, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-24)
    Rammeplan for 5-årig lærerutdanning i praktiske og estetiske fag ble vedtatt juni 2020. For design, kunst og håndverk innebærer dette at 3-årig faglærerutdanning med master opphører. Lærerutdanningen skal være både ...
  • Design literacy - from primary education to universit level 

    Digranes, Ingvild; Nielsen, Liv Merete (Proceedings of the Design Research Society International Conference, 2012 Bangkok;Volume 03, Chapter; Conference object; Peer reviewed, 2012-09-01)
    This paper is based on on-going research into design education at several educational levels. What is said, and what is done? In the DESIGN LITERACY project, we focus on the content of a continuous design education, ...
  • Effect of Shrinkage Reducing Admixture on Drying Shrinkage of Concrete with Different w/c Ratios 

    Kioumarsi, Mahdi; Azarhomayun, Fazel; Haji, Mohammad; Shekarchi, Mohammad (Materials;Volume 13, Issue 24, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-15)
    The reduction of the moisture content of concrete during the drying process reduces the concrete’s volume and causes it to shrink. In general, concrete shrinkage is a phenomenon that causes concrete volume to dwindle and ...
  • Thermal analysis of flat roof systems with regards to their thermal insulation and exterior surface emissivity coefficient 

    Choidis, Petros; Kontoleon, Karolos; Evgenidis-Karadimitriou, Panagiotis; Mazzeo, Domenico (IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science;Volume 410, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    In this study, a numerical analysis of the thermal performance of a flat roof system is presented. The dynamic thermal behaviour of this system is assessed with regards to the effects produced by an insulation layer and ...
  • Multimodal Navigation Systemsfor Users with Visual Impairments—A Review and Analysis 

    Kuriakose, Bineeth; Shrestha, Raju; Sandnes, Frode Eika (Multimodal Technologies and Interaction;Volume 4, Issue 4, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-16)
    Multimodal interaction refers to situations where users are provided with multiple modes for interacting with systems. Researchers are working on multimodality solutions in several domains. The focus of this paper is within ...
  • Tools and Technologies for Blind and Visually Impaired Navigation Support: A Review 

    Kuriakose, Bineeth; Shrestha, Raju; Sandnes, Frode Eika (IETE Technical Review;, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-27)
    The development of navigation tools for people who are visually impaired had become an important concern in the research area of assistive technologies. This paper gives a comprehensive review of different articles published ...
  • Where are the students? A study of Norwegian technology students’ perceptions of emerging trends in higher education 

    Sandnes, Frode Eika (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS);Volume 12555, Peer reviewed; Conference object; Chapter, 2020-11-18)
    Teachers in higher education in Norway have over the last decade reported reduced physical attendance in lectures, students not using the textbooks, and low academic performance. Also, there is an intensified institutional ...
  • A Comparative Study of Accessibility and Usability of Norwegian University Websites for Screen Reader Users Based on User Experience and Automated Assessment 

    Parajuli, Prabin; Eika, Evelyn (Lecture Notes in Computer Science;Volume 12188, Chapter; Conference object; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-10)
    Websites are essential for learners’ access to information. However, due to the lack of accessibility and usability of websites, students with disabili-ties who solely rely on screen readers face challenges accessing webpage ...
  • Aesthetics and the perceived stigma of assistive technology for visual impairment 

    dos Santos, Aline Darc Piculo; Ferrari, Ana Lya Moya; Medola, Fausto Orsi; Sandnes, Frode Eika (Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology;, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-05)
    Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify factors that influence the perceived stigma of two assistive devices for visual impairment, namely the white cane and smart glasses. Method: Face-to-face semi-structured ...
  • Towards More Efficient Screen Reader Web Access with Automatic Summary Generation and Text Tagging 

    Sarwar, Usama; Eika, Evelyn (Lecture Notes in Computer Science;Volume 12376, Chapter; Conference object; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-04)
    Readers with 20/20 vision can easily read text and quickly perceive information to get an overview of the information within a text. This is more challenging for readers who rely on screen readers. This study investigated ...
  • QB-Gest: Qwerty bimanual gestural input for eye-free smartphone text input 

    Ye, Linghui; Sandnes, Frode Eika; MacKenzie, Scott (Lecture Notes in Computer Science;Volume 12188, Chapter; Peer reviewed; Conference object, 2020-07-10)
    We developed QB-Gest, a bimanual text entry method based on simple gestures where users drag their thumbs in the direction of the desired letter while visualizing the Qwerty-layout. In an experiment with four sessions of ...
  • A glimpse into smartphone screen reader use among blind teenagers in rural Nepal 

    Sankhi, Prakash; Sandnes, Frode Eika (Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology;, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-12)
    Purpose: Access to appropriate assistive technology is a challenge worldwide and especially in low GDPper-capita countries. Nepal is one example of a country with several coinciding challenges: some claim having a high ...
  • The effect of manual wheelchair design on mobility: A study with non-users andeExperienced wheelchair users 

    Barili, Sara Raquel Martins; Sandnes, Frode Eika; Paschoarelli, Luis Carlos; Junior, Galdenoro Botura; Medola, Fausto Orsi (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Volume 1269, Chapter; Peer reviewed; Conference paper, 2020-08-30)
    The use of inappropriate wheelchairs is believed to limit mobility and reduce the freedom and quality of living for the user. This study therefore set out to investigate the influences of wheelchair design on the performance ...
  • How do orthoses impact ease of donning, handwriting, typewriting, and transmission of manual torque: A study of three prefabricated wrist hand orthoses 

    Ferrari, Ana Lya M.; Medola, Fausto Orsi; Sandnes, Frode Eika (Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics;, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-20)
    Introduction Many upper-limb injuries have work-related causes such as continued use of computers, typing activities, mouse manipulation, and repetitive movements performed for long periods. This study evaluated the ...
  • Searching for extreme portions in distributions: A comparison of pie and bar charts 

    Sandnes, Frode Eika; Flønes, Aina; Kao, Wei-Ting; Harrington, Patrick; Issa, Meisa (Lecture Notes in Computer Science;Volume 12341, Conference object; Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-16)
    Aggregated data visualizations are often used by collaborative teams to gain a common understanding of a complex situations and issues. Pie and bar charts are both widely used for visualizing distributions. The study of ...
  • Impact of Sentence length on the Readability of Web for Screen Reader Users 

    Kadayat, Bam Bahadur; Eika, Evelyn (Lecture Notes in Computer Science;Volume 12188, Chapter; Conference object; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-10)
    Readability of text is generally believed to be connected to sentence length. Most studies on readability are based on visual reading. Less is known about text readability for users relying on screen readers, such as users ...
  • Are electronic white canes better than traditional canes? A comparative study with blind and blindfolded participants 

    Aline Darc Piculo, dos Santos; Medola, Fausto Orsi; Cinelli, Milton José; Ramirez, Alejandro Rafael Garcia; Sandnes, Frode Eika (Universal Access in the Information Society;20 (2021), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-17)
    Visually impaired individuals often rely on assistive technologies such as white canes for independent navigation. Many electronic enhancements to the traditional white cane have been proposed. However, only a few of these ...
  • Towards universal accessibility on the web: Do grammar checking tools improve text 

    Kaushik, Hitesh Mohan; Eika, Evelyn; Sandnes, Frode Eika (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS);Volume 12188, Chapter; Peer reviewed; Conference object, 2020-07-10)
    Readable text is a key ingredient in a universally accessible web. WCAG2.1 recommends that text should be readable by someone with basic schooling, a criterion that is hard to quantify and implement. Writers rely on ...

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