Unge sosialklienter fra ungdom til voksen alder
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- NIBR notat 
In this report we investigate young social assistance recipients and study their future career into adulthood. A stratified representative sample of 2000 young people that were 17 to 20 years old in 1985, was followed up in 1987, 1989, 1993 and again in 2003 during 18 years. The original sample was stratified from activity in 1985 in such a way that all young people outside education and the labour market was followed up, 70 percent of those in jobs and 25 percent of those in education. The results showed that those who received social assistance as young continued to receive such financial support several times during the transition to adulthood. However, the periods were short with an average of three months and they received modest amounts of money. Those who received social assistance as young reported more economic problems in adulthood and a poorer working career compared with other young people. They also reported more health problems, especially mental health problems. Another important result was that 20 to 25 percent lived by public support in adulthood. This is much higher than in the general population. One important question is whether this is a long-term consequence of receiving social assistance in adolescence. However, it is possible that there is a skewed selection to social assistance. Both social background and mental health seem here to be important factors in recruitment to social assistance. Moreover, the sample is small, and one should be careful in drawing firm conclusions. Anyway, the results indicate that social assistance is not a good start for adult life. It is possible that such a start may have unfortunate consequences. It is possible that one should look for other more work related benefits for young people that are not entiteled to unemployment benefits than social assistance.Nær 2000 unge har vært fulgt fra de var 17 til 20 år i 1985 fram til de var voksne i slutten av 30-årene (2003). De er intervjuet i 1985, 1987, 1989, 1993 og igjen i 2003. I tillegg er det koblet til registerdata fra Statistisk sentralbyrå. Rapporten undersøker hvordan det har gått videre i livet med dem som mottok sosialhjelp som unge. Har de kommet seg i arbeid? Hvordan har de klart seg økonomisk? Er de fortsatt avhengig av hjelpeapparatet? Resultatene viser at de fleste bare hadde mottatt kortvarig hjelp og beskjeden økonomisk støtte, men svært mange var gjengangere og kom tilbake til hjelpeapparatet. De var i mindre grad arbeidsaktive, hadde dårligere økonomi og dårligere helse enn andre som voksne. Mellom 20 og 25 prosent var offentlig forsørget i voksen alder og dermed avhengig av hjelpeapparatet, spesielt unge kvinner. Det er vanskelig å konkludere om dette skyldes at de mottok sosialhjelp som unge, men det synes å være en spesiell rekruttering til sosialhjelp blant unge fra lavere sosiale lag med dårlig mental helse.