Health Inequalities in Older Norwegians and the Mediating Role of Social Networks
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionThe International Journal of Aging & Human Development. 2022, . http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/00914150221112281
This study aims to contribute to understanding how social networks serve as an intervening pathway leading to socioeconomic health inequality among older adults in Norway. Longitudinal survey data from the second and the third waves of the Norwegian Life Course, Ageing, and Generation Study were used in this paper. Hayes PROCESS was used to estimate the mediating effect of the contact frequency and the support potential of friends on the impact of social-economic position (SEP) at wave 2 on health outcomes at wave 3. The total indirect effect of the income on physical health observed was 0.04. The total indirect effect of the highest level of education attained on physical health observed was 0.12. The result showed a social-economic gradient in health among older adults in Norway where the social network is a crucial pathway via which SEP influences peoples’ health.