Analysis and Simulation of the Optical Properties of a Quantum Dot on a Graphene Nanoribbon System
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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In this work, we theoretically study the optical properties of a graphene nanoribbon with a quantum dot (QD) on it. The system consists of a graphene nanoribbon with dimensions of 400 × 3100 (nm2) and a quantum dot with a nanoscale radius. The quantum dot is symmetrically located at the center of the graphene nanoribbon to simplify the mathematical model. To calculate the optical properties (susceptibility) of the system, a broadband electromagnetic wave (0.5–2.5 μm) is applied to the structure to model dipole-dipole interaction. Considering the input field and calculating the total induced polarization, the optical susceptibility of the system is calculated. The applied electromagnetic field excites the surface plasmon on the graphene nanoribbon and the excitons of QDs. The induced dipoles in the graphene nanoribbon and the QD will interact with each other. We show that the parameters of both materials strongly influence dipole-dipole interaction. In particular, the effect of QDs (location on graphene and radius) on the optical properties of the considered system was studied. The obtained results can be used to introduce periodic optical structures in nanoscale by inserting QDs in a periodic array on graphene nanoribbon. Additionally, applications such as reflectors, couplers, and wavelength filters can be designed. Considering the presented theoretical framework, we can describe all the optoelectronic and optomechanical applications of complex nanoscale graphene and QD systems.