Privatisation of residential care for children and youth in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionNordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research. 2021, 128-141. https://doi.org/10.18261/issn.2464-4161-2021-03-02
Few studies have investigated the privatisation of residential care for children and youth, and no studies have compared, mapped, and discussed the care markets that have developed in the Nordic countries. Here, we map and discuss the role of providers of residential care for children and youth in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. In addition, we explore the driving forces behind the current situation in these countries. Although these countries have significant level of privatisation, they have several differences in terms of the participation of the public sector and how market shares are divided between, for example, for-profit companies and non-profit organisations. These differences are discussed as a result of the historical positions, for example, of non-profit organisations as well as differences in the way the countries adapted New Public Management and procurement regulations.