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dc.contributor.authorKlüwer, Birgitte
dc.contributor.authorRydland, Kjersti Margrethe
dc.contributor.authorLaake, Ida
dc.contributor.authorTodd, Megan
dc.contributor.authorJuvet, Lene Kristine
dc.contributor.authorMamelund, Svenn-Erik
dc.identifier.citationScandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2021, .en_US
dc.description.abstractAims: This study aimed to estimate the size of the risk group for severe influenza and to describe the social patterning of the influenza risk group in Norway, defined as everyone ⩾65 years of age and individuals of any age with certain chronic conditions (medical risk group). Methods: Study data came from a nationally representative survey among 10,923 individuals aged 16–79 years. The medical risk group was defined as individuals reporting one or more relevant chronic conditions. The associations between educational attainment, employment status, age and risk of belonging to the medical risk group were studied with logistic regression. Results: Nearly a fifth (19.0%) of respondents reported at least one chronic condition, while 29.4% belonged to the influenza risk group due to either age or chronic conditions. Being older, having a low educational level (comparing compulsory education to higher education, odds ratio (OR)=1.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2–1.8 among women, and OR=1.3, 95% CI 1.1–1.7 among men) and a weaker connection to working life (comparing disability pension to working full-time, OR=6.8, 95% CI 5.3–8.7 among women, and OR=6.5, 95% CI 4.9–8.5 among men) was associated with a higher risk of belonging to the medical risk group for severe influenza. Conclusions: This study indicates that the prevalence of medical risk factors for severe influenza is disproportionally distributed across the socio-economic spectrum in Norway. These results should influence both public funding decisions regarding influenza vaccination and communication strategies towards the public and health professionals.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research is part of the project PANRISK: Socio-economic risk groups, vaccination and pandemic influenza, funded by a research grant from the Research Council of Norway (grant agreement no. 302336).en_US
dc.publisherSAGE Publicationsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesScandinavian Journal of Public Health;
dc.rightsNavngivelse-Ikkekommersiell 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectHealth status disparitiesen_US
dc.subjectHealth surveysen_US
dc.subjectInfluenza vaccinesen_US
dc.subjectPublic healthen_US
dc.subjectHealth status indicatorsen_US
dc.titleInfluenza risk groups in Norway by education and employment statusen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© Author(s) 2021en_US
dc.source.journalScandinavian Journal of Public Healthen_US
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 302336en_US

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Navngivelse-Ikkekommersiell 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse-Ikkekommersiell 4.0 Internasjonal