Learning through modelling in science: Reflections by pre-service teachers
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionNordic Studies in Science Education. 2021, 17 (2), 206-224). https://doi.org/10.5617/nordina.7108
This study analyses pre-service science teachers’ (PSTs’) experiences of working with models and modelling and their ideas about their usefulness in science education. Although several studies have investigated pre- and in-service teachers’ views on models and modelling, research is lacking in the Norwegian context. This study addresses this gap by exposing PSTs to a one-day course on modelling in chemistry and exploring their ideas through focus-group interviews. We found that teaching using modelling-related activities promoted PSTs’ understanding of models and modelling, especially relating to the scope and limitations of models. Additionally, the PSTs increased their understanding of why such learning activities are important and how to incorporate them while teaching science. Norwegian PSTs responded positively to modelling-based teaching, which seemed to promote metacognition and critical thinking. Therefore, modelling-based teaching could be an effective tool for educating science teachers in how to promote such skills in their classrooms.