Interaction Quality in Norwegian ECEC for Toddlers Measured with the Caregiver Interaction Profile (CIP) Scales
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonBjørnestad E, Broekhuizen ML, Os E, Baustad A. Interaction Quality in Norwegian ECEC for Toddlers Measured with the Caregiver Interaction Profile (CIP)Scales. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research. 2019:1-20 https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2019.1639813
The core aspect within process quality is quality of interactions between caregivers and children. This article investigates six interaction skills of caregivers in ECEC groups for toddlers in Norway using the Caregiver Interaction Profile (CIP) scales. The participants are 110 teachers and 58 assistants in 111 toddler groups. Results show that caregivers score between moderate and adequate-to-good levels on the more basic interaction skills. For the more educational interaction skills, scores were mostly at the inadequate level. Comparing teachers and assistants, teachers score higher on respect for autonomy, structuring and limit setting, verbal communication, and developmental stimulation. In addition, correlations show that the CIP scores were differentially associated with several ITERS-R scales, which supports the applicability of the measure. Because of the overall moderate-to-low scores, there is a need for in-service training to improve the process quality of ECEC for toddlers.