• Academic Librarians in Data Information Literacy Instruction: A Case Study in Meteorology 

      Frank, Emily P.; Pharo, Nils (College & Research Libraries;77(4), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016-07)
      E-science has reshaped meteorology due to the rate data is generated, collected, analyzed, and stored and brought data skills to a new prominence. Data information literacy—the skills needed to understand, use, manage, ...
    • Bibliotekarer blir ved sin lest 

      Bøyum, Idunn; Dahl, Tor Arne; Pharo, Nils (Samle, formidle, dele: 75 år med bibliotekarutdanning;, Peer reviewed; Chapter, 2015-12)
      Vi presenterer en studie av bachelorstudenter i bibliotek- og informasjonsvitenskap uteksaminert i perioden 2011-2014. 188 kandidater har svart på undersøkelsen. Vi har blant annet undersøkt arbeidsmarkedet for kandidatene, ...
    • Context Matters: An Analysis of assessments of XML Documents 

      Pharo, Nils; Nordlie, Ragnar (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2005)
      The paper analyses searchers’ assessments of usefulness and specificity on different levels of granularity in XML-coded documents. Documents are assessed on 10 usefulness/specificity combinations and on the granularity ...
    • Decentralized subject indexing of television programs: the effects of using a semi-controlled indexing language 

      Søbak, Veslemøy D.B.; Pharo, Nils (Journal article; Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-13)
      We have performed an exploratory case study to understand how subject indexing performed by television production staff using a semi-controlled vocabulary affects indexing quality. In the study, we used triangulation, ...
    • The effect of granularity and order in XML element retrieval 

      Pharo, Nils (Information Processing & Management, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2008)
      The article presents an analysis of the effect of granularity and order in an XML encoded collection of full text journal articles. 218 sessions of searchers performing simulated work tasks in the collection have been ...
    • The effect of task type on preferred element types in an XML‐based retrieval system 

      Pharo, Nils; Krahn, Astrid (Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology;62 (9), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011-07-05)
      This article examines the influence of task type on the users' preferred level of document elements (full articles, sections, or subsections) during interaction with an XML-version of Wikipedia. We found that in general ...
    • Evaluating (linked) metadata transformations across cultural heritage domains 

      Tallerås, Kim; Massey, David; Husevåg, Anne-Stine Ruud; Preminger, Michael; Pharo, Nils (Communications in Computer and Information Science;478, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-11)
      This paper describes an approach to the evaluation of different aspects in the transformation of existing metadata into Linked data-compliant knowledge bases. At Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, ...
    • Examining the effect of task stage and topic knowledge on searcher interaction with a “digital bookstore” 

      Pharo, Nils; Nordlie, Ragnar (Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      This paper reports some results from the experiment of the 2010 INEX interactive track. The experiment was designed to let searchers simulate being at two distinct stages of a work task process. Data were also collected ...
    • INEX iTrack Revisited: Exploring the Potential for Re-use 

      Pharo, Nils (CEUR Workshop Proceedings;Vol-2337; Barriers to Interactive IR Resources Re-use 2019, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-24)
      This paper presents the experiences from the INEXi Track experiments conducted over a period of seven years. The purpose is to present the infrastructure of the experiments with the aim to identify its potential for re-use ...
    • 'Irrational' searchers and IR-rational researchers 

      Pharo, Nils; Järvelin, Kalervo (Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2006)
      In this article we look at the prescriptions advocated by Web search textbooks in the light of a selection of empirical data of real Web information search processes. We use the strategy of disjointed incrementalism, which ...
    • Modelling the information seeking and searching behaviour of users with impairments: Are existing models applicable? 

      Berget, Gerd; Pharo, Nils; MacFarlane, Andrew (Journal of Documentation;, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-20)
      Purpose A substantial number of models have been developed over the years, with the purpose of describing the information seeking and searching of people in various user groups and contexts. Several models have been ...
    • A need for information on information needs 

      Borlund, Pia; Pharo, Nils (Information Research;vol. 24 no. 4, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Introduction. We report a study on everyday life information needs in order to obtain a deeper understanding and insight of what constitute information needs, and how they can be characterised. Method. The information ...
    • OUC's participation in the 2009 INEX Book Track 

      Preminger, Michael; Nordlie, Ragnar; Pharo, Nils (Lecture Notes in Computer Science = Lecture notes in artificial intelligence;6203, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      In this article we describe the Oslo University College's participation in the INEX 2009 Book track. This year's tasks have been featuring complex topics, containing aspects. These lend themselves to use in both the book ...
    • Overview of the CHIIR 2019Workshop on Barriers to Interactive IR Resources Re-use (BIIRRR 2019) 

      Bogers, Toine; Dodson, Samuel; Freund, Luanne; Gäde, Maria; Hall, Mark; Koolen, Marijn; Petras, Vivien; Pharo, Nils; Skov, Mette (CEUR Workshop Proceedings;Vol-2337 Barriers to Interactive IR Resources Re-use 2019, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-24)
      This paper presents an overview of the BIIRRR 2019 workshop at CHIIR 2019, which had the explicit aim of understanding and promoting re-use of resources for interactive IR experimentation.
    • Overview of the INEX 2008 Interactive Track 

      Pharo, Nils; Nordlie, Ragnar; Fachry, Khairun Nisa (Lecture Notes in Computer Science;, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2009)
      This paper presents the organization of the INEX 2008 interactive track. In this year’s iTrack we aimed at exploring the value of element retrieval for two different task types, fact-finding and research tasks. Two research ...
    • Overview of the INEX 2009 Interactive Track 

      Pharo, Nils; Nordlie, Ragnar; Fuhr, Norbert; Beckers, Thomas; Fachry, Khairun Nisa (Lecture Notes in Computer Science;6203, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      In the paper we present the organization of the INEX 2009 interactive track. For the 2009 experiments the iTrack has gathered data on user search behavior in a collection consisting of book metadata taken from the online ...
    • Overview of the INEX 2010 Interactive Track 

      Pharo, Nils; Beckers, Thomas; Nordlie, Ragnar; Fuhr, Norbert (Lecture Notes in Computer Science;6932, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      In the paper we present the organization of the INEX 2010 interactive track. For the 2010 experiments the iTrack has gathered data on user search behavior in a collection consisting of book metadata taken from the online ...
    • Search Transition as a Measure of Effort in Information Retrieval Interaction 

      Nordlie, Ragnar; Pharo, Nils (Proceedings of the ASIS annual meeting;(50), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      In this article we introduce the concept of search transitions as a unit for measuring the effort invested by searchers in information retrieval interaction. The concept is discussed and compared to traditional measures ...
    • Seven years of INEX interactive retrieval experiments – lessons and challenges 

      Nordlie, Ragnar; Pharo, Nils (Lecture Notes in Computer Science = Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence;(7488), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      This paper summarizes a major effort in interactive search investigation, the INEX i-track, a collective effort run over a seven-year period. We present the experimental conditions, report some of the findings of the ...