Health Effects of Unemployment in Denmark, Norway and Sweden 2007 2010: Differing Economic Conditions, Differing Results?
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OriginalversjonHeggebø, K. (2016). Health Effects of Unemployment in Denmark, Norway and Sweden 2007–2010 Differing Economic Conditions, Differing Results?. International Journal of Health Services, 0020731416636365. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020731416636365
This article investigates short-term health effects of unemployment for individuals inDenmark, Norway, and Sweden during an economic downturn (2007–2010) that hitthe Scandinavian countries with diverging strength. The longitudinal part of theEuropean Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) data materialis analyzed, and results from generalized least squares estimation indicate thatDenmark is the only Scandinavian country in which health status deterioratedamong the unemployed. The individual-level (and calendar year) fixed-effect resultsconfirm the negative relationship between unemployment and health status inDenmark. This result is robust across different subsamples, model specifications,and changes in both the dependent and independent variable. Health status deterio-rated especially among women and people in prime working age (30–59 years).There is, however, only scant evidence of short-term health effects among therecently unemployed in Norway and Sweden. The empirical findings are discussedin light of: (1) the adequacy of the unemployment insurance system, (2) the likelihoodof re-employment for the displaced worker, and (3) selection patterns into and outof employment in the years preceding and during the economic downturn.