Ergodic Capacity Performance of D2D IoT Relay NOMA-SWIPT Systems with Direct Links
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Original versionRauniyar A, Engelstad P.E., Østerbø ON: Ergodic Capacity Performance of D2D IoT Relay NOMA-SWIPT Systems with Direct Links. In: Herencsar, Benedetto. 2020 43rd International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP), IEEE Conference Record #49548,7-9 July 2020, Milan, Italy, 2020. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) p. 117-123 https://doi.org/10.1109/TSP49548.2020.9163552
We investigate the Ergodic capacity (EC) performance of device-to-device (D2D) Internet of Things (IoT) relay non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)- simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) systems where the relayed communication is supported with direct link. A two-user case is considered in which a base station transmits symbols to two NOMA users, and the energy harvesting (EH) based relay node via a direct link. The EH based relay node harvests the energy from the BS's signal and again transmits a superimposed composite NOMA signal intended for the user with poor channel condition and for its D2D user to offload its data traffic. A D2D user offloading is considered to further enhance the spectral efficiency of the system. We derive the analytical expressions for the EC of each of the user and the ergodic sum capacity (ESC) of the system and validate them with simulation results. In such settings, our results demonstrate that the EC of a node and the ESC of the system can be improved through the maximal ratio combining (MRC) scheme compared to a system with single signal decoding scheme. Our results also indicate that the overall ESC of the NOMA-SWIPT system can be improved by having a direct link for a user in the system.