Adherence to Guidelines for Acute Rehabilitation in the Norwegian Trauma Plan.
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Objective: To evaluate adherence to 3 central ope- rational recommendations for acute rehabilitation in the Norwegian trauma plan. Methods: A prospective multi-centre study of 538 adults with moderate and severe trauma with New Injury Severity Score > 9. Results: Adherence to the first recommendation, assessment by a physical medicine and rehabilita- tion physician within 72 h following admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) at the trauma centre, was documented for 18% of patients. Adherence to the second recommendation, early rehabilitation in the intensive care unit, was documented for 72% of those with severe trauma and ≥ 2 days ICU stay. Predictors for early rehabilitation were ICU length of stay and spinal cord injury. Adherence to the third recommendation, direct transfer of patients from acute ward to a specialized rehabilitation unit, was documented in 22% of patients, and occurred more often in those with severe trauma (26%), spi- nal cord injury (54%) and traumatic brain injury (39%). Being employed, having head or spinal chord injury and longer ICU stay were predictors for direct transfer to a specialized rehabilitation unit. Conclusion: Adherence to acute rehabilitation gui- delines after trauma is poor. This applies to docu- mented early assessment by a physical medicine and rehabilitation physician, and direct transfer from acute care to rehabilitation after head and extremity injuries. These findings indicate a need for more systematic integration of rehabilitation in the acute treatment phase after trauma.