A Proposal for Optical Antenna in VLC Communication Receiver System
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionPhotonics. 2022, 9 (4), 1-19. 10.3390/photonics9040241
Visible Light Communication (VLC) is an important emerging choice for high-speed wireless communication. In this perspective, light-emitting diodes as illuminators will be modulated to transmit data simultaneously. However, the receivers bring severe difficulties due to cost, response time, and sensitivity with a wide Field Of View (FOV). To avoid these problems, one approach is to apply a large area photodetector; however, this solution is slow and costly. Another method is to focus light on a fast photodetector by optical components, but the photodetector’s FOV decreases, resulting from the conservation of etendue. Another option is Luminescent Solar Concentrators (LSCs). This paper demonstrates a novel shape of LSC with advantages such as inexpensive, fast response time, small antenna area for VLC purposes with significant geometrical gain, FOV, and ultra-broad bandwidth. It does not require any complex tracking system and active pointing but, due to its tiny size, it can also be adapted in integrating and mobile devices. Numerical simulation is done using Monte-Carlo raytracing, and the results are demonstrated in the spectral domain. The optical efficiency of the proposed antenna is obtained at 1.058%, which is about 0.4% better than the efficiency levels reported in other works, and the geometric gain of the antenna is reported to be 44, which is significant.