Electrically tunable perfect terahertz absorber using embedded combline graphene layer
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionApplied Sciences : APPS. 2021, 11 (22), . 10.3390/app112210961
Graphene is a powerful 2-D matter with the capability of extraordinary transparency, and tunable conductivity is employed in emerging optoelectronics devices. In this article, the design of an electrically tunable graphene-based perfect terahertz absorber is proposed and evaluated numerically. The introduced structure is composed of two graphene layers with a sharp absorption peak in the terahertz band. These graphene layers are combline and stripline separated by the insulator substrate. The position of the absorption peak is tunable on the absorption band by means of manipulation in geometric parameters of the combline graphene layer. Furthermore, the intensity and frequency of the absorption peak can be flexibly modulated by varying Fermi potential of the combline graphene layer, which can be controlled through external DC voltages without the need of changing the geometry of the structure. It is shown that the absorption band can be tuned in the bandwidth from 5 to 15 in terahertz. The findings of this paper can promote a new perspective in designing perfect ribbon absorbers based on graphene properties that can be utilized for future photodetectors, solar cells, and thermal sensors with an absorption intensity above 2 × 105 (nm2 ) with narrow absorption bandwidth of 0.112 THz.