Rehabilitation goals and effects of goal achievement on outcome following an adapted physical activity-based rehabilitation intervention
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionPatient Preference and Adherence. 2021, 15 1545-1555. https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S311966
Purpose: To explore the goal-setting process carried out at a rehabilitation facility providing adapted physical activity, by 1) identifying goals set by individuals with chronic disabilities, 2) comparing these goals to the negotiated goals set in collaboration with the rehabilitation team and 3) assessing goal achievement and its association with self-reported functioning after 12 months. Methods: A prospective observational study where adults (18– 67 years) admitted to Beitostølen Healthsports Centre (n=151) reported mental and physical functioning measured by the Medical Outcomes Study 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) administered at baseline (eight weeks before rehabilitation), admission, discharge and follow-up 12 months after rehabilitation. The participants provided their individual goals for rehabilitation in the admission questionnaire. Individual goals were compared to negotiated goals set by the participants and the rehabilitation team together as part of the goal-setting process at the facility. The goals were linked to The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) for comparison. Goal achievement was assessed on a 10-point numeric rating scale (NRS) in the discharge questionnaire. The association between SF-12 physical and mental functioning at long-term follow-up and goal achievement was explored. Results: The 293 individual goals and the 407 negotiated goals were most frequently linked to the ICF-component Body Functions. When comparing negotiated to individual goals, negotiated goals were more frequently linked to activities and participation. Goals to wide to be linked to the ICF were less frequent. For 76% of the participants, content of individual goals was captured in negotiated goals. Goal achievement with NRS scores ≥ 9 points was reported by 66% of the included participants. Goal achievement was a significant predictor for long-term mental functioning (p=0.04). Conclusion: Collaboration between participants and health professionals resulted in more specific goals directed towards the activities and participation component. Goal achievement predicted long-term mental functioning following rehabilitation.