Renegotiating formal and informal care while ageing abroad: Older Pakistani women's healthcare access, preferences and expectations in Norway
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonJournal of Migration and Health. 2020, 1-2, (1-8). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmh.2020.100002
This study explores older Pakistani women's preferences and expectations of formal and informal care while ageing in Norway. Our study is based on qualitative interviews with older Pakistani women living in Oslo municipality, Norway. The participants were aged between 48 and 81 years and had been living in Norway for 26 to 46 years. Our analyses resulted in five themes: 1) renegotiating the expectations of informal care in light of the ‘nazaam’ (or social system and practices) of Norway, 2) fear of being left behind in residential care homes, 3) disloyalty and shame of being cared for by outsiders, 4) perceptions about the quality of formal care and 5) concerns about mixing with other cultures and genders. Our findings point to potential barriers beyond culture that influence older Pakistani women's preferences for, expectations of and access to formal care services. The study further highlights the structural barriers that older Pakistani women perceive and experience in accessing formal care services in a majority society.