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dc.contributor.authorTørstad, Vegard
dc.contributor.authorSælen, Håkon
dc.contributor.authorBøyum, Live Standal
dc.identifier.citationTørstad, Sælen, Bøyum. The domestic politics of international climate commitments: which factors explain cross-country variation in NDC ambition?. Environmental Research Letters. 2020;15(2)en
dc.description.abstractUnder the Paris Agreement, parties self-determine their mitigation ambition level by submitting Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Extant assessments find that the collective ambition of current pledges is not line with the Agreement's goals and that individual ambition varies greatly across countries, but there have not been attempts at explaining this variation. This paper identifies several potential drivers of national climate ambition, and tests whether these can account for differences in the ambition level of countries' mitigation targets under the Paris Agreement. After outlining theorized relationships between a set of domestic political characteristics and climate policy ambition, regression analysis is used to assess the effects of different potential drivers across a dataset of 170 countries. We find that a country's level of democracy and vulnerability to climate change have positive effects on NDC ambition, while coal rent and GDP have negative effects. Our findings suggest that these objective factors are more important than subjective factors, while the most influential subjective factor is the cosmopolitanism-nativism value dimension.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by Research Council of Norway, projects no. 261491 and 209701.en
dc.publisherIOP Publishingen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEnvironmental Research Letters;Volume 15, Number 2
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 licenceen
dc.subjectParis agreementen
dc.subjectClimate policiesen
dc.subjectNationally determined contributionsen
dc.subjectEnvironmental policiesen
dc.subjectInternational environmental agreementsen
dc.titleThe domestic politics of international climate commitments: which factors explain cross-country variation in NDC ambition?en
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.typePeer revieweden
dc.source.journalEnvironmental Research Letters
dc.relation.projectIDNorges forskningsråd: 223274
dc.relation.projectIDNorges forskningsråd: 261491
dc.relation.projectIDNorges forskningsråd: 209701

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