67+ and still working. The importance of earlier job situation and retirement plans for extended careers
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionHellevik T, Herlofson K. 67+ and still working. The importance of earlier job situation and retirement plans for extended careers. Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research. 2020;5(2):95-108 https://doi.org/10.18261/issn.2464-4161-2020-02-03
The decision to raise the employment protection age limit in Norway (from 70 to 72) evoked considerable debate, with both employers’ associations and most trade union confederations opposing the change. The arguments set forth revealed a need for more knowledge about the oldest workers, and factors contributing to a late exit from the labour market. In this article, we use panel data from the Norwegian Life course, Ageing and Generation Study (2007, 2017) to explore previous work history of those who end up with careers extending beyond typical retirement age (i.e. 67). Our findings indicate that men and women who are still working when aged 67–75 have a history of high work engagement and work effort. Compared to their non-working peers in 2017, they were more likely to consider work as very important in life, perceive their job motivation as stable or improved, work long hours, be self-employed, and either have planned a late exit or made no retirement plans ten years earlier (2007). All in all, a strong inner drive for work seems to be central for a prolonged career; although among women, some may have to remain in the labour market due to financial reasons.