Cultural policy, the public sphere and public libraries: a comparison of Norwegian, American and Japanese models
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonWiddersheim, Koizumi M, Larsen H. Cultural policy, the public sphere and public libraries: a comparison of Norwegian, American and Japanese models. The International Journal of Cultural Policy. 2020 https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10286632.2020.1751142
This study compares cultural policy, public libraries,and the public sphere in Norway, the United States, and Japan. Results of the comparison indicate that Norway emphasizes physical meeting spaces and the public sphere. In Japan, there is more emphasis on the literary public sphere. Norway and Japan have strong centralized governance structures, which inﬂuence how public libraries function in the public sphere. In the US, cultural policy administration is more diﬀuse and local. There is not an explicit national cultural policy related to public libraries. In the US, legitimation of public libraries in the public sphere is strong and occurs locally. Public libraries in the US are used less as public sphere infrastructure and more for educational and recreation purposes. The results of this comparison are signiﬁcant for understanding public libraries and the public sphere from an international cultural policy perspective.