Fighting strategic homophobia in football
Journal article, Peer reviewed
This is an author's accepted manuscript of an article published in krøvel, r. (2015). fighting strategic homophobia in football. soccer & society, 1-15. [copyright taylor & francis], available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/14660970.2015.1100437
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Original versionKrøvel, R. (2015). Fighting strategic homophobia in football. Soccer & Society, 1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14660970.2015.1100437
Homophobia among certain men could be understood as a reactionary form of social resilience, insofar as such resilience can work against adaptation and social transformation. Resilience is again closely related to the concept of ‘ sus- tainability ’ . Many fans position the expression of negativity towards gays as a heroic struggle against ‘ political correctness ’ and in defence of freedom of thought and speech. But it should also be seen as a strategic action to manipulate the feelings of opponents in order to win. In a time of global hyper commodi fi - cation, the paramount goal of winning stimulates strategic actions that contribute to shaping norms and values.