Social Variations in Perceived Parenting Styles among Norwegian Adolescents
Journal article, Peer reviewed
(c) the author(s) 2014. this article is published with open access at springerlink.com
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OriginalversjonElstad, J. I., & Stefansen, K. (2014). Social Variations in Perceived Parenting Styles among Norwegian Adolescents. Child indicators research, 7(3), 649-670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12187-014-9239-5
Previous research has documented the associations between parenting and parenting styles and child and adolescent outcomes. Little is known, however, about the social structuring of parenting in contemporary Nordic welfare states. A possible hypothesis is that socioeconomic variations in parenting styles in present-day Norway will be small because of material affluence, limited income inequality, and an active welfare state. This study examines social variations in parenting as perceived by Norwegian adolescents (N = 1362), with a focus on four parenting style dimensions: responsiveness, demandingness, neglecting, and intrusive. Responsiveness seems to capture major divisions in parenting. Adolescents in families with fewer economic resources experienced their parents as somewhat less responsive, but responsiveness was not related to parents’ education. Low parental education was on the other hand associated with perceptions of parents as neglecting and intrusive. Viewing parents as demanding did neither vary with parental education nor with family economy. Substantial variations in parenting styles persist in present-day Norway, and these variations correspond moderately with the families’ placement in the social structure. Indicators of parenting and parenting styles may be useful indicators of some aspects of child and adolescent well-being.