Bevare fremtidens sykepleiere En kvalitativ studie om tillit og psykologisk trygghet som forutsetninger for at unge sykepleiere blir værende i yrket
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By 2060, a large increase in the proportion of elderly people is expected, however, it is estimated that there will be a deficit of 30,000 nurses in Norway by 2040. Norway depends on a healthcare system that is equipped to cope with this wave of elderly people, so that we can continue to offer the world's best healthcare for all the country's inhabitants. It is important to introduce measures to ensure that Norway has enough nurses in the years ahead, while at the same time ensuring that we retain the current nurse workforce. This thesis seeks to investigate current career satisfaction among young nurses. How do young nurses feel about their working environment, and what are the prerequisites for continuing in their profession? Due to the scope of the study, we have restricted two assumptions about trust and psychological security. The purpose of the study is to investigate how young nurses experience trust and psychological security in their current workplaces. Our purpose is to shed light on how the health sector can facilitate young nurses to stay longer in their professions. Based on this, we have designed the problem "How do young nurses experience trust and psychological security in their workplace?". To answer the problem, we have designed two research questions; "Why is trust among young nurses an important prerequisite for them to stay longer in the profession?" and "Why is psychological security among young nurses an important prerequisite for them to stay longer in the profession?". We have conducted qualitative interviews with young nurses and carried out an extensive literature search. Through the interviews, we have received important findings that can help to shed light on the importance of trust and psychological security in young nurses. Our findings show that our informants experience trust and psychological security to varying degrees, but that they were overall satisfied, and no one had plans to leave the profession within a short time. We saw that these are important prerequisites for whether the nurses are to trust their managers and colleagues, feel safe at work, come up with suggestions and ideas, and to enjoy work. A lack of trust and psychological security in the workplace can lead to fewer suggestions for improvement, less innovation and increased dissatisfaction, which in turn leads to poorer patient safety. Based on this study, we have concluded that trust and psychological security will increase the likelihood that young nurses will remain in their profession.