Everyday Life Experiences of Post-Stroke Patients: A Qualitative Study on the: Importance of Adjustment Strategies of Post-stroke Patients
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This study is an attempt to describe the everyday life experiences of post-stroke patients and their adjustment strategies. It examines the coping strategies of post-stroke patients and analyzes how these strategies have influenced stroke survivors in post-stroke life. A stroke is an unexpected life event leading an individual with various physical, psychological, and social consequences. Stroke survivors may have to deal with immense pain, psychological disturbance, and other cognitive problems such as memory loss, communication deficit, etc., and interruption of social and professional life. Stroke survivors try to cope with their stroke to return to their normal/pre-stroke life. Coping strategies play a significant role as it paves hope and enhances post-stroke patients' quality of life. The study uses the social cognitive transition model post-stroke patients (SCoTS) to see post-stroke patients' coping strategies. This qualitative research is based on the subjective experiences of post-stroke patients. A semi-structured qualitative interview is conducted with six Norwegian stroke survivors to collect the primary data. The findings of the study illustrate that participants experienced that their post-stroke life has been changed markedly. Bodily change, disruption in working life, and losing pre-stroke self are some of the participants' everyday life experiences. They adopted different types of coping strategies to deal with the stroke. Positivity, support from various sources, exercise and training, and engagement in other activities are some of the strategy participants applied to their everyday lives. In a nutshell, this study is relevant for post-stroke patients and health professionals to gain a better understanding of the everyday experiences of post-stroke patients and their coping strategies to achieve a normal life. This research also highlights some of the common post-stroke experiences and coping strategies with specific subjective experiences.