Prediction of properties of FRP-confined concrete cylinders based on artificial neural networks
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonAhmad, A., Plevris, V. & Khan, Q. (2020). Prediction of properties of FRP-confined concrete cylinders based on artificial neural networks. Crystals,10(9), 811. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10090811 https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10090811
Recently, the use of fiber-reinforced polymers (FRP)-confinement has increased due to its various favorable effects on concrete structures, such as an increase in strength and ductility. Therefore, researchers have been attracted to exploring the behavior and efficiency of FRP-confinement for concrete structural elements further. The current study investigates improved strength and strain models for FRP confined concrete cylindrical elements. Two new physical methods are proposed for use on a large preliminary evaluated database of 708 specimens for strength and 572 specimens for strain from previous experiments. The first approach is employing artificial neural networks (ANNs), and the second is using the general regression analysis technique for both axial strength and strain of FRP-confined concrete. The accuracy of the newly proposed strain models is quite satisfactory in comparison with previous experimental results. Moreover, the predictions of the proposed ANN models are better than the predictions of previously proposed models based on various statistical indices, such as the correlation coefficient (R) and mean square error (MSE), and can be used to assess the members at the ultimate limit state.