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dc.contributor.authorTørris, Christine
dc.contributor.authorBjørnnes, Ann Kristin
dc.identifier.citationTørris C, Bjørnnes AK. Duration of Lactation and Maternal Risk of MetabolicSyndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrients. 2020en
dc.description.abstractCardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death of women across all ages, and targeting modifiable risk factors, such as those comprised in metabolic syndrome (MetS) (e.g., waist circumference, lipid profile, blood pressure, and blood glucose), is of great importance. An inverse association between lactation and CVD has been suggested, and lactation may decrease the risk of MetS. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined how lactation may affect the development and prevalence of MetS in women. A literature search was performed using Cinahl, Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed. A total of 1286 citations were identified, and finally, ten studies (two prospective and eight cross-sectional) were included. Seven studies (two prospective and five cross-sectional) revealed Associations between lactation and MetS, suggesting that breastfeeding might prevent or improve metabolic health and have a protective role in MetS prevention. This protective role might be related to the duration of lactation; however, a lack of controlling for potential confounders, such as parity, might inflict the results. The pooled effect was non-conclusive. Additional research is required to further explore the duration of lactation and its potential role in improving or reversing MetS and its components.en
dc.description.sponsorshipFunds for covering the costs to publish in open-access have been received from Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.en
dc.relation.ispartofseriesNutrients;Volume 12, Issue 9
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licenseen
dc.subjectMaternal healthen
dc.subjectMetabolic syndromesen
dc.subjectInsulin resistanceen
dc.subjectCardiovascular diseasesen
dc.titleDuration of Lactation and Maternal Risk of MetabolicSyndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysisen
dc.typeJournal article
dc.typePeer revieweden

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Creative Commons  Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License