Obesity in young adulthood: The role of physical activity level, musculoskeletal pain, and psychological distress in adolescence (the hunt-study)
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Original versionGuddal, Stensland, Småstuen, Johnsen, Heuch, Zwart, Storheim. Obesity in young adulthood: The role of physical activity level, musculoskeletal pain, and psychological distress in adolescence (the hunt-study). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020;17(12):1-14 https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124603
The global obesity epidemic raises long-term health concerns which underline the importance of preventive eﬀorts. We aimed to investigate individual and combined eﬀects of common health problems in adolescence on the probability of obesity in young adulthood. This prospective population-based study included data from participants in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study in Norway(Young-HUNT1(1995–1997), age 13–19, baseline) who participated in HUNT3 as young adults 11 years later (age 23–31). Exposure variables at baseline included self-reported physical activity, musculoskeletal pain, and psychological distress. We examined associations between exposure variables and the main outcome of obesity in young adulthood (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) using univariate and multiple logistic regression, stratiﬁed by sex. Probabilities of obesity for given combinations of the exposure variables were visualized in risk matrixes. The study sample consisted of 1859 participants (43.6% boys). Higher probabilities of obesity in young adulthood were found across combinations of lower physical activity levels and presence of musculoskeletal pain in adolescence. Additionaladverse eﬀects of psychological distress were low. Proactive intervention strategies to promote physical activity and facilitate sports participation for all adolescents, whilst addressing musculoskeletal pain and its potential individual causes, could prove helpful to prevent development of obesity in young adulthood.
SeriesInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;Volume 17, Issue 12
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).