Effect of filter type in ventilation systems on NO2 concentrations in classrooms
Chapter, Conference object, Peer reviewed
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Original versionYang A, Nikolaisen KF, Holøs SB, Thunshelle K, Dauge Fr, Mysen SM: Effect of filter type in ventilation systems on NO2 concentrations in classrooms. In: Johansson, Bagge, Wahlström Å. Cold Climate HVAC 2018 - Sustainable Buildings in Cold Climates, 2019. Springer p. 911-921 https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00662-4_77
This study was conducted to assess how different filter types in the ventilation system affect the indoor NO2 concentrations. Measurements were carried out in two classrooms and air intakes in a primary school located in Oslo, Norway. A regular F7 particle filter and an F7 combination filter with activated charcoal lin-ing were compared. NO2 concentrations were measured for five weeks during winter 2017 in a cross-over study design to compare: 1) NO2-levels in classrooms with regular filter (RF) versus combination filter (CF); 2) indoor/outdoor ratio with regular filter versus combination filter. One-hour average concentrations are reported during operating time of the ventilation system (6:00-23:00) and during hours with high (> 40 μg/m3) outdoor NO2 concentrations. The measured average NO2 concentrations in both classrooms with an RF were significantly higher than with a CF. The median CF/RF ratios for the two class-rooms were 0.50 and 0.81 during hours with high NO2 concentrations, and 0.48 and 1.00 during the period the ventilation system was operational. During hours with high NO2 concentrations, themedian indoor/outdoor ratios for the two class-rooms with an RF were above 1.00, while the corresponding ratios with a CF were 0.78 and 0.75. Our results demonstrate that a combination filter is more efficient than a regular filter in reducing NO2 concentrations in classrooms during hours with high out-door concentrations.