Trends and recommendations for critical care nursing research in the Nordic countries: Triangulation of review and survey data
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionEgerod I, Kaldan, Lindahl B, Hansen BS, Jensen, Collet, Halvorsen KH, Eriksson T, Olausson S, Jensen HI. Trends and recommendations for critical care nursing research in the Nordic countries: Triangulation of review and survey data. Intensive & Critical Care Nursing. 2019 https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2019.102765
Background: Priorities for critical care nursing research have evolved with societal trends and values. In the 1980s priorities were the nursing workforce, in 1990s technical nursing, in 2000s evidence-based nursing and in 2010s symptom management and family-centred care. Objectives: To identify current trends and future recommendations for critical care nursing research in the Nordic countries. Methods: We triangulated the results of a literature review and a survey. A review of two selected critical care nursing journals (2016–2017) was conducted using content analysis to identify contemporary published research. A self-administered computerised cross-sectional survey of Nordic critical care nursing researchers (2017) reported current and future areas of research. Results: A review of 156 papers identified research related to the patient (13%), family (12%), nurse (31%), and therapies (44%). Current trends in the survey (n = 76, response rate 65%) included patient and family involvement, nurse performance and education, and evidence-based protocols. The datasets showed similar trends, but aftercare was only present in the survey. Future trends included symptom management, transitions, rehabilitation, and new nursing roles. Conclusion: Critical care nursing research is trending toward increased collaboration with patient and family, delineating a shift toward user values. Recommendations include long-term outcomes and impact of nursing.