Sociodemographic characteristics associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related consequences, a latent class analysis of The Norwegian WIRUS screening study
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataVis full innførsel
OriginalversjonSkogen JC, Bøe T, Thørrisen M, Riper H, Aas RW. Sociodemographic characteristics associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related consequences, a latent class analysis of The Norwegian WIRUS screening study. BMC Public Health. 2019;19:1-12 https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7648-6
Background. For alcohol, the association with socioeconomic status (SES) is different than for other public health challenges – the associations are complex, and heterogeneous between socioeconomic groups. Specifically, the relationship between alcohol consumption per se and adverse health consequences seems to vary across SES. This observation is called the ‘alcohol harm paradox’. This study aims to describe different patterns of alcohol use and potential problems. Next, the associations between sub-groups characterized by different patterns of alcohol use and potential problems, and age, gender, educational level, full-time employment, occupational level and income is analysed. Methods. Employing data from the ongoing cross-sectional WIRUS-study, N = 4311 participants were included in the present study. Individual response patterns of the ten-item Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) were analysed and latent class analysis (LCA) was used to identify latent groups. Next, the associations between the classes identified in the best fitting LCA-model and sociodemographic factors were analysed and presented. Results. We identified three classes based on the response patterns on AUDIT. Class 1 was characterised by low-level alcohol consumption and very low probability of negative alcohol-related consequences related to their alcohol consumption. Class 2 was characterised by a higher level of consumption, but despite this, class 2 also had a relatively low probability of reporting negative alcohol-related consequences. Class 3, however, was characterised by high levels of alcohol consumption, and a high probability of reporting negative consequences of their consumption. The classes identified were systematically differentially associated with the included measures of SES, with class 3 characterised by younger age, more males and lower educational attainment. Conclusions. Our findings highlight the interconnectedness of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related consequences. Furthermore, the identified classes and SES yields further insights into to intricate relationship between various socioeconomic factors, alcohol use patterns and related negative consequences.
UtgiverBMC (part of Springer Nature)
SerieBMC Public Health;19, Article number: 1364 (2019)
TidsskriftBMC Public Health
Med mindre annet er angitt, så er denne innførselen lisensiert som This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Viser innførsler beslektet ved tittel, forfatter og emneord.
Evidence for essential unidimensionality of AUDIT and measurement invariance across gender, age and education. Results from the WIRUS study Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Thørrisen, Mikkel Magnus; Olsen, Espen; Hesse, Morten; Aas, Randi Wågø (Drug and Alcohol Dependence;Volume 202, 1 September 2019, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-30)Introduction: Globally, alcohol use is among the most important risk factors related to burden of disease, and commonly emerges among the ten most important factors. Also, alcohol use disorders are major contributors to ...
Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Thørrisen, Mikkel Magnus; Bonsaksen, Tore; Vahtera, Jussi; Sivertsen, Børge; Aas, Randi Wågø (Frontiers in Psychology;10:2079, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-27)There is ample evidence of associations between a perceived stressful working environment and several health-related outcomes. To better understand potential mechanisms behind these observations some studies have focused ...
Alcohol intoxication among adolescents from the ecological theory of human development perspective: A quantitative study on Norway and US Park, Sohlbin (Master thesis, 2018)Introduction: The study examined social environmental factors of adolescents of grade 8 and 10 (age 13-16) in Norway and the US to determine which factors influence the behaviour of having been intoxicated on alcohol. ...