The de Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale used with Norwegian clubhouse members: Psychometric properties and associated factors
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionBonsaksen T, Opseth TM, Misund A.R., Geirdal AØ, Fekete O, Nordli H. The de Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale used with Norwegian clubhouse members: Psychometric properties and associated factors. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation. 2019;22(2):88-100
Background: Loneliness is considered a common experience, but persistent loneliness can set the stage for depression and in other ways jeopardize psychological well-being. Loneliness appears to be particularly frequent among persons with mental health problems, and a short, feasible, and psychometrically sound measure of loneliness can assist in addressing loneliness in mental health practice and research. Aims: To contribute to the validation of a Norwegian version of the six-item de Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale. We empirically investigated the factor structure and internal consistency of the scale, and explored factors associated with the resulting scales. Method: Ninety-four Norwegian clubhouse members completed the loneliness scale as part of a larger member survey in 2016. Factor structure was examined with Principal Components Analysis, in conjunction with Parallel Analysis, and internal consistency was examined with Cronbach’s coefficient alpha. Results: Two factors were extracted from the data, explaining 68.2 % of the total data variance. The structure matrix showed no cross-loadings, and all items loaded substantially (0.74-0.91) on the proposed factor. Internal consistency of the items belonging to factor 1 (social loneliness) and factor 2 (emotional loneliness) was α = 0.86 and 0.63, respectively. No variables showed a significant relationship with any of the scales. Conclusions: The scale demonstrated the theoretically proposed two-factor structure, with good measures of internal consistency. Thus, the de Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale appears promising for future use in psychosocial settings in Norway.
PublisherInternational Association for Psychosocial Rehabiliation Services
SeriesInternational Association for Psychosocial Rehabiliation;Volume 22 January - December 2018
JournalInternational Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation
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