Nutrients in fish and possible associations with cardiovascular disease risk factors in metabolic syndrome
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionTørris C, Småstuen MC, Molin M. Nutrients in fish and possible associations with cardiovascular disease risk factors in metabolic syndrome. Nutrients. 2018;10:952(7):1-17 http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu10070952
Non-communicable diseases (NSDs) are responsible for two-thirds of all deaths globally, whereas cardiovascular disease (CVD) alone counts for nearly half of them. To reduce the impact of CVD, targeting modiﬁable risk factors comprised in metabolic syndrome (e.g., waist circumference, lipid proﬁle, blood pressure, and blood glucose) is of great importance. Beneﬁcial effects of ﬁsh consumption on CVD has been revealed over the past decades, and some studies suggest that ﬁsh consumptionmayhaveaprotectiveroleinpreventingmetabolicsyndrome. Fishcontainsavarietyof nutrients that may contribute to health beneﬁts. This review examines current recommendations for ﬁsh intake as a source of various nutrients (proteins, n-3 fatty acids, vitamin D, iodine, selenium, and taurine),andtheireffectsonmetabolicsyndromeandtheCVDriskfactors. Fattyﬁshisrecommended duetoitshighlevelsofn-3fattyacids,howeverleanﬁshalsocontainsnutrientsthatmaybebeneﬁcial in the prevention of CVD.