Self-reported therapeutic style in occupational therapy students
Journal article, Peer reviewed
© the college of occupational therapist ltd.
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Original versionBonsaksen, T. (2013). Self-reported therapeutic style in occupational therapy students. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76(11), 496-502 . doi: 10.4276/030802213X13833255804595 http://dx.doi.org/10.4276/030802213X13833255804595
Introduction: The client-therapist relationship has long been viewed as important for both the process and outcomes of occupational therapy. The recently developed Intentional Relationship Model introduced six therapeutic modes as different ways of relating to clients. Increasing students’ awareness of modes, and increasing their skills in using them flexibly, has the potential of improving their subsequent practice as occupational therapists. This article aims to describe occupational therapy students’ affiliation with the therapeutic modes in a variety of hypothesized practice situations. In addition, relationships between the students’ affiliation with the different modes are explored. Method: The study had a cross-sectional design. Data were collected from 31 occupational therapy students in Norway, using the Self-Assessment of Modes Questionnaire. Descriptive analyses, repeated measures ANOVA tests, and correlation analyses were employed in the analytic procedures. Findings: The students identified the problem-solving mode to be their most preferred way of relating to clients, whereas the advocating mode was the least preferred. High affiliation with the problem-solving mode was significantly associated with low affiliation with the collaborating mode. Conclusion: Several limitations indicate that caution should be taken when comparing this study with previous research. Nonetheless, differences between the results of this study and previous work on the therapeutic modes are of interest. Possible explanations for differences are discussed, as are implications for practice and research.