• Assessing generalisability of deep learning-based polyp detection and segmentation methods through a computer vision challenge 

      Ali, Sharib; Ghatwary, Noha; Jha, Debesh; Isik-Polat, Ece; Polat, Gorkem; Yang, Cheng; Li, Wuyang; Galdran, Adrian; Ballester, Miguel Angel Gonzalez; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Hicks, Steven; Poudel, Sahadev; Lee, Sang-Woong; Jin, Ziyi; Gan, Tianyuan; Yu, Chenghui; Yan, JiangPeng; Yeo, Doyeob; Lee, Hyunseok Lee; Tomar, Nikhil Kumar; Haitham, Mahmood; Ahmed, Amr; Riegler, Michael Alexander; Daul, Christian; Halvorsen, Pål; Rittscher, Jens; Salem, Osama E.; Lamarque, Dominique; Cannizzaro, Renato; Realdon, Stefano; de Lange, Thomas; East, James E (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Polyps are well‑known cancer precursors identified by colonoscopy. However, variability in their size, appearance, and location makes the detection of polyps challenging. Moreover, colonoscopy surveillance and removal ...
    • Automatic Unsupervised Clustering of Videos of the Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) Procedure 

      Storås, Andrea; Riegler, Michael Alexander; Haugen, Trine B.; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Hicks, Steven Alexander; Hammer, Hugo Lewi; Kakulavarapu, Radhika; Halvorsen, Pål; Stensen, Mette Haug (Chapter; Conference object, 2023)
      The in vitro fertilization procedure called intracytoplasmic sperm injection can be used to help fertilize an egg by injecting a single sperm cell directly into the cytoplasm of the egg. In order to evaluate, refine and ...
    • CELLULAR, A Cell Autophagy Imaging Dataset 

      al Outa, Amani; Hicks, Steven; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Andresen, Siri; Enserink, Jorrit Martijn; Halvorsen, Pål; Riegler, Michael Alexander; Knævelsrud, Helene (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Cells in living organisms are dynamic compartments that continuously respond to changes in their environment to maintain physiological homeostasis. While basal autophagy exists in cells to aid in the regular turnover of ...
    • A comprehensive analysis of classification methods in gastrointestinal endoscopy imaging 

      Jha, Debesh; Ali, Sharib; Hicks, Steven; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Borgli, Hanna; Smedsrud, Pia H.; de Lange, Thomas; Pogorelov, Konstantin; Wang, Xiaowei; Harzig, Philipp; Tran, Minh-Triet; Meng, Wenhua; Hoang, Trung-Hieu; Dias, Danielle; Ko, Tobey H.; Agrawal, Taruna; Ostroukhova, Olga; Khan, Zeshan; Tahir, Muhammed Atif; Liu, Yang; Chang, Yuan; Kirkerød, Mathias; Johansen, Dag; Lux, Mathias; Johansen, Håvard D.; Riegler, Michael; Halvorsen, Pål (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy has been an active field of research motivated by the large number of highly lethal GI cancers. Early GI cancer precursors are often missed during the endoscopic surveillance. The high missed ...
    • DivergentNets: Medical Image Segmentation by Network Ensemble 

      Thambawita, Vajira L B; Hicks, Steven; Halvorsen, Pål; Riegler, Michael (CEUR Workshop Proceedings;Vol-2886 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop and Challenge on Computer Vision in Endoscopy (EndoCV 2021), Conference object, 2021)
      Detection of colon polyps has become a trending topic in the intersecting fields of machine learning and gastrointestinal endoscopy. The focus has mainly been on per-frame classification. More recently, polyp segmentation ...
    • Explaining deep neural networks for knowledge discovery in electrocardiogram analysis 

      Hicks, Steven; Isaksen, Jonas L; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Ghouse, Jonas; Ahlberg, Gustav; Linneberg, Allan; Grarup, Niels; Strumke, Inga; Ellervik, Christina; Olesen, Morten Salling; Hansen, Torben; Graff, Claus; Holstein-Rathlou, Niels-Henrik; Halvorsen, Pål; Maleckar, Mary Margot Catherine; Riegler, Michael; Kanters, Jørgen K (Scientific Reports;11, Article number: 10949 (2021), Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-05-26)
      Deep learning-based tools may annotate and interpret medical data more quickly, consistently, and accurately than medical doctors. However, as medical doctors are ultimately responsible for clinical decision-making, any ...
    • GridHTM: Grid-Based Hierarchical Temporal Memory for Anomaly Detection in Videos 

      Monakhov, Vladimir; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Halvorsen, Pål; Riegler, Michael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The interest in video anomaly detection systems that can detect different types of anomalies, such as violent behaviours in surveillance videos, has gained traction in recent years. The current approaches employ deep ...
    • Impact of image resolution on deep learning performance in endoscopy image classification: An experimental study using a large dataset of endoscopic images 

      Thambawita, Vajira L B; Strumke, Inga; Hicks, Steven; Halvorsen, Pål; Parasa, Sravanthi; Riegler, Michael (Diagnostics;Volume 11 / Issue 12, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-11-24)
      Recent trials have evaluated the efficacy of deep convolutional neural network (CNN)- based AI systems to improve lesion detection and characterization in endoscopy. Impressive results are achieved, but many medical studies ...
    • Kvasir-Capsule, a video capsule endoscopy dataset 

      Smedsrud, Pia H; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Hicks, Steven; Gjestang, Henrik; Olsen Nedrejord, Oda; Næss, Espen; Borgli, Hanna; Jha, Debesh; Berstad, Tor Jan; Eskeland, Sigrun Losada; Lux, Mathias; Espeland, Håvard; Petlund, Andreas; Dang Nguyen, Duc Tien; Garcia, Enrique; Johansen, Dag; Schmidt, Peter Thelin; Toth, Ervin; Hammer, Hugo Lewi; de Lange, Thomas; Riegler, Michael Alexander; Halvorsen, Pål (Scientific Data;8, Article number: 142 (2021), Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-05-27)
      Artificial intelligence (AI) is predicted to have profound effects on the future of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) technology. The potential lies in improving anomaly detection while reducing manual labour. Existing work ...
    • Mask-conditioned latent diffusion for generating gastrointestinal polyp images 

      Macháček, Roman; Mozaffari, Leila; Sepasdar, Zahra; Parasa, Sravanthi; Halvorsen, Pål; Riegler, Michael; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Machacek, Roman (ICDAR: Intelligent Cross-Data Analysis and Retrieval;, Chapter; Peer reviewed; Conference object, 2023)
      In order to take advantage of artificial intelligence (AI) solutions in endoscopy diagnostics, we must overcome the issue of limited annotations. These limitations are caused by the high privacy concerns in the medical ...
    • Njord: a fishing trawler dataset 

      Nordmo, Tor-Arne Schmidt; Ovesen, Aril Bernhard; Juliussen, Bjørn Aslak; Hicks, Steven; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Johansen, Håvard D.; Halvorsen, Pål; Riegler, Michael Alexander; Johansen, Dag (Chapter, 2022)
      Fish is one of the main sources of food worldwide. The commercial fishing industry has a lot of different aspects to consider, ranging from sustainability to reporting. The complexity of the domain also attracts a lot of ...
    • On evaluation metrics for medical applications of artificial intelligence 

      Hicks, Steven A.; Strumke, Inga; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Hammou, Malek; Riegler, Michael Alexander; Halvorsen, Pål (Scientific Reports;12, Article number: 5979 (2022), Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022-04-08)
      Clinicians and software developers need to understand how proposed machine learning (ML) models could improve patient care. No single metric captures all the desirable properties of a model, which is why several metrics ...
    • PolypConnect: Image inpainting for generating realistic gastrointestinal tract images with polyps 

      Fagereng, Jan Andre; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Storås, Andrea; Parasa, Sravanthi; de Lange, Thomas; Halvorsen, Pål; Riegler, Michael (Annual IEEE Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems;2022 IEEE 35th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS), Conference object, 2022)
      Early identification of a polyp in the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract can lead to prevention of life-threatening colorectal cancer. Developing computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems to detect polyps can improve detection ...
    • SinGAN-Seg: Synthetic training data generation for medical image segmentation 

      Thambawita, Vajira L B; Salehi, Pegah; Sheshkal, Sajad Amouei; Hicks, Steven; Hammer, Hugo Lewi; Parasa, Sravanthi; de Lange, Thomas; Halvorsen, Pål; Riegler, Michael (PLOS ONE;17(5): e0267976, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022-05-02)
      Analyzing medical data to find abnormalities is a time-consuming and costly task, particularly for rare abnormalities, requiring tremendous efforts from medical experts. Therefore, artificial intelligence has become a ...
    • Smittestopp analytics: Analysis of position data 

      Thambawita, Vajira L B; Hicks, Steven; Ewan, Jaouen; Halvorsen, Pål; Riegler, Michael (Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing;Volume 11, Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-18)
      Contact tracing applications generally rely on Bluetooth data. This type of data works well to determine whether a contact occurred (smartphones were close to each other) but cannot offer the contextual information GPS ...
    • Usefulness of Heat Map Explanations for Deep-Learning-Based Electrocardiogram Analysis 

      Storås, Andrea; Andersen, Ole Emil; Lockhart, Sam; Thielemann, Roman; Gnesin, Filip; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Hicks, Steven; Kanters, Jørgen K.; Strumke, Inga; Halvorsen, Pål; Riegler, Michael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Deep neural networks are complex machine learning models that have shown promising results in analyzing high-dimensional data such as those collected from medical examinations. Such models have the potential to provide ...
    • Using 3D Convolutional Neural Networks for Real-time Detection of Soccer Events 

      Rongved, Olav Andre Nergård; Hicks, Steven; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Stensland, Håkon Kvale; Zouganeli, Evi; Johansen, Dag; Riegler, Michael Alexander; Halvorsen, Pål (International Journal of Semantic Computing (IJSC);Volume 15, Issue 02, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Developing systems for the automatic detection of events in video is a task which has gained attention in many areas including sports. However, there are still a number of shortcomings with current systems, such as high ...