• 22. juli 2011 - Psykiske reaksjoner hos pasienter ved Legevakten i Oslo 

      Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Skogstad, Laila; Hafstad, Gertrud Sofie; Vallersnes, Odd Martin; Ekeberg, Øivind (Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening, Journal article; Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-05)
      BAKGRUNN: Etter bombeangrepet i regjeringskvartalet 22. juli 2011 fikk mange skadede behandling ved Legevakten i Oslo. MATERIALE OG METODE: Pasientene (n = 79) fikk tilsendt et spørreskjema ti måneder etter behandlingen ...
    • Concerns in the norwegian population during the initial lockdown due to the covid-19 pandemic 

      Bredal, Inger Schou; Skogstad, Laila; Grimholt, Tine K.; Bonsaksen, Tore; Ekeberg, Øivind; Heir, Trond (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH);Volume 18 / Issue 11, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-06-06)
      Although concern affects one’s welfare or happiness, few studies to date have focused on peoples’ concerns during the initial COVID-19 lockdown. The aim of the study was to explore concerns in the Norwegian populations ...
    • Concerns in the Norwegian population during the initial lockdown due to the Covid-19 pandemic 

      Bredal, Inger Schou; Skogstad, Laila; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Bonsaksen, Tore; Ekeberg, Øivind; Heir, Trond (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH);Volume 18, Issue 11, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-06-06)
      Although concern affects one's welfare or happiness, few studies to date have focused on peoples' concerns during the initial COVID-19 lockdown. The aim of the study was to explore concerns in the Norwegian populations ...
    • Concerns related to the COVID-19 in adult Norwegians during the first outbreak in 2020: A qualitative approach 

      Skogstad, Laila; Bredal, Inger Schou; Bonsaksen, Tore; Heir, Trond; Ekeberg, Øivind; Grimholt, Tine Kristin (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;volume 18, issue 8, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-04-19)
      Concerns related to the first outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Norwegian population are studied in a cross-sectional web-survey conducted between 8 April and 20 May 2020. The qualitative thematic analysis of the ...
    • Daily use of alcohol in the Norwegian general population: Prevalence and associated factors 

      Bonsaksen, Tore; Heir, Trond; Skogstad, Laila; Grimholt, Tine K.; Ekeberg, Øivind; Lerdal, Anners; Schou-Bredal, Inger (Drugs and alcohol today;Volume 20, Issue 2, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-29)
      Purpose: Harmful use of alcohol is a major public health problem. While harm is often researched in the context of heavy drinking episodes, high-frequency drinking, even when drinking moderate quantities, constitutes a ...
    • Emergency preparedness and role clarity among rescue workers during the terror attacks in Norway July 22, 2011 

      Pedersen, May Janne Botha; Gjerland, Astrid; Rund, Bjørn Rishovd; Ekeberg, Øivind; Skogstad, Laila (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background Few studies address preparedness and role clarity in rescue workers after a disaster. On July 22, 2011, Norway was struck by two terror attacks; 77 people were killed and many injured. Healthcare providers, ...
    • General self-efficacy in the Norwegian population: Differences and similarities between sociodemographic groups 

      Bonsaksen, Tore; Lerdal, Anners; Heir, Trond; Ekeberg, Øivind; Skogstad, Laila; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Schou-Bredal, Inger (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Aims: General self-efficacy (GSE) refers to optimistic self-beliefs of being able to perform and control behaviors, and is linked with various physical and mental health outcomes. Measures of self-efficacy are commonly ...
    • Healthcare professionals in COVID-19-intensive care units in Norway: Preparedness and working conditions: A cohort study 

      Lie, Irene; Stafseth, Siv Anna Ulla-Britt Karlsson; Skogstad, Laila; Hovland, Ingvild Strand; Hovde, Haakon; Ekeberg, Øivind; Ræder, Johan (BMJ Open;Volume 11, Issue 10, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-10-11)
      Objective: To survey the healthcare professionals’ background and experiences from work with patients with COVID-19 in intensive care units (ICUs) during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Norway. Design: ...
    • Innsatspersonell fikk større tro på egen mestring etter terrorangrepene 22. juli 2011 

      Skogstad, Laila; Brask-Rustad, Therese; Rund, Bjørn Rishovd; Ekeberg, Øivind (Sykepleien Forskning;, Journal article; Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-03)
      Bakgrunn: Deltakelsen i redningsarbeidet etter terrorhandlingene 22. juli 2011 var krevende, uvant og uforutsigbart. Arbeid knyttet til større hendelser kan være belastende, men også gi økt opplevelse av vekst. Det er ...
    • Optimists report fewer physical and mental health conditions than pessimists in the general Norwegian population 

      Bredal, Inger Schou; Bonsaksen, Tore; Heir, Trond; Skogstad, Laila; Lerdal, Anners; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Ekeberg, Øivind (Health Psychology Report;7 (1), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-03)
      Background: Several studies have found that optimism is associated with better health. However, all those studies have investigated the subject in a specific context: gender, age group, diagnosis, situation, or population ...
    • Optimists’ and pessimists’ self-reported mental and global health during the COVID-19 pandemic in Norway 

      Bredal, Inger Schou; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Bonsaksen, Tore; Skogstad, Laila; Heir, Trond; Ekeberg, Øivind (Health Psychology Report;, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-05)
      Background: The COVID-19 pandemic represents a global health crisis. How well people cope with this situation depends on many factors, including one’s personality, such as dispositional optimism. The aim of the study was ...
    • Physical distress is associated with cardiovascular events in a high 

      Einvik, Gunnar; Ekeberg, Øivind; Klemsdal, Tor O; Sandvik, Leiv; Hjerkinn, Elsa M (BMC Cardiovascular Disorders;9(14), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2009-03-30)
      Background: Self-reported health perceptions such as physical distress and quality of life are suggested independent predictors of mortality and morbidity in patients with established cardiovascular disease. This study ...
    • Population-based norms of the Life Orientation Test–Revised (LOT-R) 

      Bredal, Inger Schou; Heir, Trond; Skogstad, Laila; Bonsaksen, Tore; Lerdal, Anners; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Ekeberg, Øivind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background/Objective: The most common used instrument to measure optimism, both in psychological and medical research, is the Life Orientation Test- Revised (LOT-R). A multi-countries study using the future item from the ...
    • Post-traumatic stress disorder and associated factors during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic in Norway 

      Bonsaksen, Tore; Heir, Trond; Bredal, Inger Schou; Ekeberg, Øivind; Skogstad, Laila; Grimholt, Tine Kristin (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;Volume 17, Issue 24, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-09)
      The COVID-19 outbreak and the sudden lockdown of society in March 2020 had a large impact on people’s daily life and gave rise to concerns for the mental health in the general population. The aim of the study was to examine ...
    • Psychological responses and associated factors during the initial lockdown due to the corona disease epidemic (COVID-19) among Norwegian citizens 

      Bredal, Inger Schou; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Bonsaksen, Tore; Skogstad, Laila; Heir, Trond; Ekeberg, Øivind (Journal of Mental Health;, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-07-26)
      Background: Ongoing COVID-19 studies pay little attention to the risk or protective factors related to psychological stress. Aims: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of anxiety, depression and insomnia during the ...
    • Self-diagnosed depression in the Norwegian general population - associations with neuroticism, extraversion, optimism, and general self-efficacy 

      Bonsaksen, Tore; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Skogstad, Laila; Lerdal, Anners; Ekeberg, Øivind; Heir, Trond; Bredal, Inger Schou (BMC Public Health;18:1076, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-29)
      Background: Multi-item rating scales for depression informs about the level of depression, but does not allow individuals to state by self-evaluation whether they feel depressed or not. The insider perspective on depression ...
    • Self-evaluated anxiety in the Norwegian population: Prevalence and associated factors 

      Bonsaksen, Tore; Heir, Trond; Ekeberg, Øivind; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Lerdal, Anners; Skogstad, Laila; Bredal, Inger Schou (Archives of Public Health;77, Article number: 10 (2019), Journal article, 2019-03-18)
      Background: Self-evaluations of mental health problems may be a useful complement to diagnostic assessment, but are less frequently used. This study investigated the prevalence of self-evaluated current and lifetime anxiety ...
    • Self-rated global health in the Norwegian general population 

      Bonsaksen, Tore; Ekeberg, Øivind; Skogstad, Laila; Heir, Trond; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Lerdal, Anners; Bredal, Inger Schou (Health and Quality of Life Outcomes;17, Article number: 188 (2019), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-09)
      Background. Prevalence studies are needed to assess the distribution of diseases. However, in a contrasting health promotion perspective, self-rated health is in itself an important field of study. This study investigated ...
    • Serious life events and post-traumatic stress disorder in the Norwegian population 

      Heir, Trond; Bonsaksen, Tore; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Ekeberg, Øivind; Skogstad, Laila; Lerdal, Anners; Bredal, Inger Schou (BJPsych Open;5(e82), Journal article; Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background It has been suggested that countries with more resources and better healthcare have populations with a higher risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Norway is a high-income country with good public ...
    • Sexual assault and the association with health, quality of life and self-efficacy in the general Norwegian population 

      Bredal, Inger Schou; Bonsaksen, Tore; Ekeberg, Øivind; Skogstad, Laila; Grimholt, Tine Kristin; Lerdal, Anners; Heir, Trond (Journal of Interpersonal Violence;, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-09)
      The lifetime prevalence of sexual assault was examined in a representative sample of the general Norwegian adult population (n¼1,792), in addition to the association between sexual assault and health, quality of life, ...