Can dual energy CT with fast kV-switching determine renal stone composition accurately?
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionMussmann B, Hardy M, Jung, Ding M, Osther PJ, Graumann. Can dual energy CT with fast kV-switching determine renal stone composition accurately?. Academic Radiology. 2020 https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2020.02.007
Rationale and objectives To determine whether a single source CT system utilizing fast kV switching and low dose settings can characterize (diameter and chemical composition) renal stones accurately when compared infrared spectroscopy Materials and methods The chemical composition of 15 renal stones was determined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The stones were inserted into a porcine kidney and placed within a water tank for CT scanning using both fast kV switching dual energy and standard protocols. Effective atomic number of each stone was measured using scanner software. Stone diameter measurements were repeated twice to determine intra-rater variation and compared to actual stone diameter as measured by micro CT. Results The chemical composition of three stones (1 calcium phosphate and 2 carbonite apatite) could not be determined using the scanner software. The composition of 10/12 remaining stones was correctly identified using DECT (83% absolute agreement; k=0.69). No statistical difference (p=0.051) was noted in the mean stone diameter as measured by clinical CT and micro CT. Conclusion DECT using fast kV switching may potentially be developed as a low dose clinical tool for identifying and classifying renal stones in vivo supporting clinical decision-making.