Medium-specific threats for journalists: Examples from Philippines, Afghanistan and Venezuela
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionMitra S, Høiby MH, Garrido. Medium-specific threats for journalists: Examples from Philippines, Afghanistan and Venezuela. Journalism Practice. 2019 https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2019.1696697
Between 2012 and 2016, UNESCO registered 530 deaths of journalists. They also published a statistic showing that television journalists were the most killed, followed by print media, radio and online journalists. Hinted in this statistics is the need to understand the relationship between the medium through which and in which the journalists produce news and the threats and dangers posed to them. In this article, we discuss this interlinkage and call it medium-specific threats. As examples of this interlinkage, we describe the cases of community radio journalists in the Philippines, photojournalists in Afghanistan and online journalists in Venezuela. Based on these examples from independently conducted studies from very different parts of the world, we make the broader case that while recognizing the prevailing political-economic and socio-cultural factors and forces at work in these media systems-in-flux, investigations of medium-specific threats to journalists are needed for more nuanced understanding of and thus mitigation of journalists’ insecurities.