ICT versus craft in design education for the general public
Chapter, Peer reviewed
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Original versionStrand, I. & Nielsen, L.M. (2017). ICT versus craft in design education for the general public.In: Berg, A, Bohemia, E., Buck, L., Gulden, T., Kovacevic, A. & Pavel, N. Building community: Design education for a sustainable future proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, HiOA University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway, on the 7th & 8th September 2017 (E&PDE 2017). Glasgow: The Design Society, 360-365 p. 360-365
In this study, the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in the subject Art and crafts in general education in Norway is examined through a survey and qualitative interviews with teachers. The finding that traditional craft is prioritized above ICT is here presented and discussed. The results show that several teachers view their pupils as “digital natives” who will master the digital tools anyway, while they fear that material knowledge, motor skills and craftsmanship will be lost. The writings of Vetlesen (2015) and Sennett (2008) on the relationship between craft and technology is used to shed light on the teachers’ priorities. The term “digital natives” is discussed against Nordkvelle and Fritze’s term “medialized”, which raises the suggestion that mastery of ICT does not apply to a whole generation. This leads to the conclusion that the subject Art and crafts should include both ICT and craft.