Now showing items 21-40 of 153

    • Coordination between primary and secondary care: the role of electronic messages and economic incentives 

      La Rocca, Antonella; Hoholm, Thomas (BMC Health Services Research;17(1), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-17)
      Background In Norway, a government reform has recently been introduced to enhance coordination between primary and secondary care. This paper examines the effects of two newly introduced measures to improve the coordination: ...
    • Global prevalence and genotype distribution of hepatitis C virus infection in 2015: a modelling study 

      Blach, Sarah; Zeuzem, Stefan; Manns, Michael; Altraif, Ibrahim; Duberg, Ann-Sofi; Muljono, David H; Waked, Imam; Alavian, Seyed M; Lee, Mei-Hsuan; Negro, Francesco; Abaalkhail, Faisal; Abdou, Ahmed; Abdulla, Maheeba; Rached, Antoine Abou; Aho, Inka; Akarca, Ulus; Ghazzawi, Imad Al; Kaabi, Saad Al; Lawati, Faryal Al; Namaani, Khalid Al; Serkal, Youssif Al; Al-Busafi, Said A; Al-Dabal, Layla; Aleman, Soo; Alghamdi, Abdullah S; Aljumah, Abdulrahman A; Al-Romaihi, Hamad E; Andersson, Monique I; Arendt, Vic; Arkkila, Perttu; Assiri, Abdullah M; Baatarkhuu, Oidov; Bane, Abate; Ben-Ari, Ziv; Bergin, Colm; Bessone, Fernando; Bihl, Florian; Bizri, Abdul R; Blachier, Martin; Blasco, Antonio J; Mello, Carlos E Brandao; Bruggmann, Philip; Brunton, Cheryl R; Calinas, Filipe; Chan, Henry L Y; Chaudhry, Asad; Cheinquer, Hugo; Chen, Chien-Jen; Chien, Rong-Nan; Choi, Moon Seok; Christensen, Peer B; Chuang, Wan-Long; Chulanov, Vladimir; Cisneros, Laura; Clausen, Mette R; Cramp, Matthew E; Craxi, Antonio; Croes, Esther A; Dalgard, Olav (The Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology;2(3), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-03)
      Background The 69th World Health Assembly approved the Global Health Sector Strategy to eliminate hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection by 2030, which can become a reality with the recent launch of direct acting antiviral ...
    • Evidence of both systemic inflammation and neuroinflammation in fibromyalgia patients, as assessed by a multiplex protein panel applied to the cerebrospinal fluid and to plasma 

      Bäckryd, Emmanuel; Tanum, Lars Håkon Reiestad; Lind, Anne-Li; Larsson, Anders; Gordh, Torsten (Journal of Pain Research;10, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-03)
      Abstract: In addition to central hyperexcitability and impaired top–down modulation, chronic inflammation probably plays a role in the pathophysiology of fibromyalgia (FM). Indeed, on the basis of both animal experiments ...
    • Clinical features and inflammatory markers in pediatric pneumonia: a prospective study 

      Inchley, Christopher; Fjærli, Hans Olav; Leegaard, Truls Michael; Lindbæk, Morten; Nakstad, Britt (European journal of pediatrics;176(5), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-09)
      Abstract In this prospective, observational study on previously healthy children <18 years, we aimed to study the diagnostic ability of clinical features and inflammatory markers to (i) predict pathologic chest radiography ...
    • An intra- and interrater reliability and agreement study of vaginal resting pressure, pelvic floor muscle strength, and muscular endurance using a manometer 

      Tennfjord, Merete Kolberg; Engh, Marie Ellström; Bø, Kari (International Urogynecology Journal;28(10), 2017-03-16)
      Introduction and hypothesis Manometry is commonly used to assess pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function. Aims of the study were to assess intra- and interrater reliability and agreement of vaginal resting pressure, PFM strength, ...
    • Exploring similarities and differences in hospital adverse event rates between Norway and Sweden using Global Trigger Tool 

      Deilkås, Ellen C Tveter; Risberg, Madeleine Borgstedt; Haugen, Marion; Lindstrøm, Jonas Christoffer; Nylén, Urban; Rutberg, Hans; Soop, Michael (BMJ Open;7(3), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-20)
      OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we explore similarities and differences in hospital adverse event (AE) rates between Norway and Sweden by reviewing medical records with the Global Trigger Tool (GTT). DESIGN: All acute care ...
    • Trajectories of Depression in Late Life: A 1-Year Follow-Up Study 

      Borza, Tom; Engedal, Knut Arne; Bergh, Sverre; Saltyte-Benth, Jurate; Selbæk, Geir (Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders;43(3-4), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-04)
      Aims: To investigate the prognosis of depression in late life (DLL) in terms of the course of depression over 1 year and assess clinical factors related to the prognosis. Methods: We performed an observational, multicenter, ...
    • Left ventricular biomechanics in professional football players 

      von Lueder, Thomas Gero; Hodt, Anders; Gjerdalen, Gard Filip; Steine, Kjetil (Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports;28(1), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-04)
      Chronic exercise induces adaptive changes of left ventricular (LV) ejection and filling capacities which may be detected by novel speckle‐tracking echocardiography (STE) and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)‐based techniques. ...
    • Prognostic factors for long-term outcome of chronic slipped capital femoral epiphysis treated with fixation in situ 

      Terjesen, Terje; Wensaas, Anders (Journal of Children's Orthopaedics;11(2), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-06)
      Purpose Predictive factors for long-term outcome after in situ fixation for chronic slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) have so far not been systematically analysed. The aims of this study were to define predictors ...
    • Morbidity outcomes after surgical aortic valve replacement 

      Auensen, Andreas; Hussain, Amjad Iqbal; Bendz, Bjørn; Aaberge, Lars; Falk, Ragnhild Sørum; Hansen, Marte; Bye, Eva; Andreassen, Johanna; Beitnes, Jan Otto; Rein, Kjell Arne; Pettersen, Kjell I; Gullestad, Lars (Open Heart;4(1), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-13)
      Objective In patients with mild to moderate operative risk, surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is still the preferred treatment for patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). Aiming to broaden the knowledge ...
    • Vitamin D levels during pregnancy and associations with birth weight and body composition of the newborn: A longitudinal multiethnic population-based study 

      Eggemoen, Åse Ruth; Jenum, Anne Karen; Mdala, Ibrahimu; Knutsen, Kirsten Irene Valebjørg; Lagerløv, Per; Sletner, Line (British Journal of Nutrition;117(7), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-14)
      We investigated associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in pregnancy and birth weight and other neonatal anthropometric measures. The present study was a population-based, multiethnic cohort study of 719 ...
    • Early introduction of oral paricalcitol in renal transplant recipients. An open-label randomized study 

      Pihlstrøm, Hege; Gatti, Francesca; Hammarström, Clara Louise; Eide, Ivar Anders; Kasprzycka, Monika; Wang, Junbai; Haraldsen, Guttorm; Svensson, My Hanna Sofia; Midtvedt, Karsten; Mjøen, Geir; Dahle, Dag Olav; Hartmann, Anders; Holdaas, Hallvard (Transplant International;30(8), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-24)
      In stable renal transplant recipients with hyperparathyroidism, previous studies have indicated that vitamin D agonist treatment might have anti-proteinuric effects. Animal studies indicate possible anti-fibrotic and ...
    • Expression of Nestin associates with BRCA1 mutations, a basal-like phenotype and aggressive breast cancer 

      Kruger, Kristi; Wik, Elisabeth; Knutsvik, Gøril; Nalwoga, Hawa; Klingen, Tor Audun; Arnes, Jarle; Chen, Ying; Mannelqvist, Monica; Dimitrakopoulou, Konstantina; Stefansson, Ingunn; Birkeland, Even; Aas, Turid; Tobin, Nicholas P; Jonassen, Inge; Bergh, Jonas; Foulkes, William D; Akslen, Lars A (Scientific Reports;7(1), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-24)
      We here examined whether Nestin, by protein and mRNA levels, could be a predictor of BRCA1 related breast cancer, a basal-like phenotype, and aggressive tumours. Immunohistochemical staining of Nestin was done in independent ...
    • Anxiety, Family Functioning and Neuroendocrine Biomarkers in Obese Children 

      Ines, Pinto; Wilkinson, Simon Roger; Virella, Daniel; Alves, Marta; Calhau, Conceição; Coelho, Rui (Acta Medica Portuguesa;30(4), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-30)
      Introduction: This observational study explores potential links between obese children’s cortisol, and parental mental state, family functioning, and the children’s symptoms of anxiety and depression. Material and Methods: ...
    • Characterization of physicochemical and colloidal properties of hydrogel chitosan-coated iron-oxide nanoparticles for cancer therapy 

      Catalano, Enrico; Benedetto, Andrea Di (Journal of Physics: Conference Series;841, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-05)
      Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles have recently been investigated for their potential to kill cancer cells with promising results, owing to their ability to be targeted and heated by magnetic fields. In this study, ...
    • Norwegian patients and retail chicken meat share cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli and IncK/blaCMY-2 resistance plasmids 

      Berg, Einar Sverre; Wester, Astrid Lousie; Ahrenfeldt, J; Mo, Solveig Sølverød; Slettemeås, Jannice Schau; Steinbakk, Martin; Samuelsen, Ørjan; Grude, Nils; Simonsen, Gunnar Skov; Löhr, Iren Høyland; Jørgensen, Silje; Tofteland, Ståle; Lund, O; Dahle, Ulf R; Sunde, Marianne (Clinical microbiology and infection;23(6), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-06)
      Objectives In 2012 and 2014 the Norwegian monitoring programme for antimicrobial resistance in the veterinary and food production sectors (NORM-VET) showed that 124 of a total of 406 samples (31%) of Norwegian retail ...
    • Charlson comorbidity index derived from chart review or administrative data: Agreement and prediction of mortality in intensive care patients 

      Stavem, Knut; Hoel, Henrik; Skjaker, Stein Arve; Haagensen, Rolf E (Clinical Epidemiology;9, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-02)
      Purpose: This study compared the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) information derived from chart review and administrative systems to assess the completeness and agreement between scores, evaluate the capacity to predict ...
    • Adherence to response-guided pegylated interferon and ribavirin for people who inject drugs with hepatitis C virus genotype 2/3 infection: The ACTIVATE study 

      Cunningham, Evan B; Hajarizadeh, Behzad; Dalgard, Olav; Amin, Janaki; Hellard, Margaret; Foster, Graham R; Bruggmann, Philip; Conway, Brian; Backmund, Markus; Robaeys, Geert; Swan, Tracy; Marks, Philippa S; Quiene, Sophie; Applegate, Tanya L; Weltman, Martin; Shaw, David; Dunlop, Adrian; Bruneau, Julie; Midgard, Håvard; Bourgeois, Stefan; Thurnheer, Maria Christine; Dore, Gregory J; Grebely, Jason; Shaw, Ineke; Siriragavan, Sharmila; Horschik, Tina; Sharma, Shawn; Eevers, Anita; Andreassen, Jessica; Melkeraaen, Ingunn; Widder, Nicole; Lesneuck, Kristof; Kotsoros, Barbara; Hazelwood, Susan; Holland, Rohan; Axten, David; Von Bibra, Sally; Powis, Jeff; Mason, Kate; Ryder, Stephen; Jack, Kate; Scheidegger, Claude; Huber, Christine; Ferguson, Catherine; Staehelin, Cornelia; Lacalamita, Melanie; Fragomeli, Vincenzo; Sevehon, Alison (BMC Infectious Diseases;17(1), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-13)
      Background The aims of this analysis were to investigate treatment completion and adherence among people with ongoing injecting drug use or receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST) in a study of response-guided therapy ...
    • Long-term follow-up of a hospital-based, multi-intervention programme in type 2 diabetes mellitus: impact on cardiovascular events and death 

      Ofstad, Anne Pernille; Ulimoen, Geir Reinvik; Orvik, Elsa; Birkeland, Kåre I; Gullestad, Lars; Fagerland, Morten; Johansen, Odd Erik (Journal of International Medical Research;45(5), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-19)
      Objective To report the long-term impact on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes and mortality of a 2-year hospital-based multi-interventional care programme as compared with general practitioner (GP)-provided standard ...
    • A prospective, quantitative study of mental health act assessments in England following the 2007 amendments to the 1983 act: Did the changes fulfill their promise? 

      Singh, Swaran P; Paul, Moli; Parsons, Helen; Burns, Tom; Pyrer, Peter; Fazel, Seena; Deb, Shoumitro; Islam, Zoebia; Rugkåsa, Jorun; Gajwani, Ruchika; Thana, Lavanya; Crawford, Michael J (BMC psychiatry;17(1), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-10)
      Background In 2008, the Mental Health Act (MHA) 2007 amendments to the MHA 1983 were implemented in England and Wales. The amendments were intended to remove perceived obstacles to the detention of high risk patients with ...