What is covered by 'Cancer Rehabilitation' in PubMed? A review of randomized controlled trials 1990-2011
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionGudbergsson, S.B., Dahl, A.A., Loge, J.H., Thorsen, L., Oldervoll, L.M., Grov, E.K. (2014). What is covered by "Cancer Rehabilitation" in PubMed? A review of randomized controlled trials 1990-2011. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 47(2), 97-106. http://dx.doi.org/10.2340/16501977-1902
Objective: This focused review examines randomized controlledstudies included by the term “cancer rehabilitation”in PubMed. The research questions concern the type of interventionsperformed and their methodological quality.Design: Using the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms:neoplasm AND rehabilitation, all articles with randomizedcontrolled studies that included adult cancer patients, writtenin English, were extracted from PubMed. Papers coveringphysical exercise, psychiatric/psychological treatment orsocial support only were excluded as they had been reviewedrecently. Abstracts and papers were assessed by 3 pairs ofreviewers, and descriptive information was extracted systematically.Methodological quality was rated on a 10-itemindex scale, and the cut-off for acceptable quality was set at≥ 8.Results: A total of 132 (19%) of the 683 identified papersmet the eligibility criteria and were assessed in detail. Thepapers were grouped into 5 thematic categories: 44 physical;15 art and expressive; 47 psycho-educative; 21 emotionallysupportive; and 5 others. Good quality of design wasobserved in 32 studies, 18 of them uni-dimensional and 14multi-dimensional.Conclusion: Published randomized controlled studies oncancer rehabilitation are heterogeneous in terms of contentand samples, and are mostly characterized by suboptimaldesign quality. Future studies should be more specific andwell-designed with sufficient statistical strength.