Domestic Violence: A study on the physical abuse of women and children in Teshie, Ghana
Women and children are mostly at the receiving end of abuse in homes and societies. Abuse against women and children has been documented for many decades and is very common in many countries, especially the developing countries. This study investigates the understanding and experiences of people in the Teshie district of Ghana on physical abuse of men and women. This study also seeks to know the motives and reasons of people on the physical abuse of women and children. Using purposive sampling technique, the study recruited 20 informants; 10 men and 10 women. The informants were interviewed using semi-structured interviews. The data was analyzed using the thematic approach where data from interviews were transcribed into plain text and grouped into themes. Results from the study indicates that all informants have experienced physical abuse when they were children. The majority of my female informants also reported that they have experienced physical abuse from their partners and the majority of male informants also reported that they have at times abused their wives, at least once in their marriage at the time of the interviews. All informants reported that they see the physical abuse of children as a normal and justifiable act that is a part of society. Some informants on the other hand also agreed that physical abuse of women is an act that should not be encouraged by society. However, other informants gave some motives and reasons for physical abuse of women under which they believe the abuse can be justified and understood. One recommendation suggested in the study is that, the government should create more awareness through public education to make people understand the various physical and health effects that physical abuse has on its victims.